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What Was the Marshall Plan? | History
 
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The Marshall Plan was an example of "good deed foreign policy" designed to rebuild Western European economies in the wake of WWII. Subscribe for great HISTORY shows: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=historychannel Newsletter: https://www.history.com/newsletter Website - http://www.history.com Google+ - https://plus.google.com/+HISTORY/posts Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/History Twitter - https://twitter.com/history HISTORY Topical Video Season 1 Episode 1 Whether you're looking for more on American Revolution battles, WWII generals, architectural wonders, secrets of the ancient world, U.S. presidents, Civil War leaders, famous explorers or the stories behind your favorite holidays. HISTORY®, now reaching more than 98 million homes, is the leading destination for award-winning original series and specials that connect viewers with history in an informative, immersive, and entertaining manner across all platforms. The network’s all-original programming slate features a roster of hit series, epic miniseries, and scripted event programming. Visit us at HISTORY.com for more info.
Просмотров: 73431 HISTORY
#2   Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan
 
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Просмотров: 113733 Mike Mazzie
American History - Part 193 - Truman - Marshall Plan - America saves European Economy
 
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Speech by George Marshall, Winston Churchill Welcome to THE MAKING OF A NATION -- American history in VOA Special English. I'm Steve Ember. Britain was once the most powerful nation in the world. It ruled a wide-reaching empire. This week in our series, we look at how British power gave way to American influence after WWII. One can almost name the day when this happened. It was February 21, 1947. British diplomats in Washington called the State Department. They had 2 messages from their government. The 1st was about Greece. The situation there was critical. Greece had been occupied by Germany during the war. Now it was split by a bitter civil war. On one side of the fighting was the Greek royal family supported by Britain. On the other side were communist-led rebels supported by Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union. British forces had helped keep Greece from becoming communist at the end of WWII. A few years later, Britain could no longer help. It needed all its strength to rebuild after the war. So, on that February day in 1947, Britain told the United States it would soon end all support for Greece. Britain's 2nd message that day was about Turkey. Turkey was stronger than Greece. But the concern was that it, too, could become communist unless it received outside help. The Soviet Union wanted to block western political and economic influence in central and eastern Europe. It wanted to extend its own influence instead. So, after the war, it forced a number of countries to establish communist governments. "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent." The British warnings about the communist threat in Greece and Turkey led President Truman to speak to Congress. He said, "I believe that it must be the policy of the United States to support free peoples who are resisting attempted subjugation by armed minorities or by outside pressures." Truman called on Congress to give him !$400,000,000 in aid for Greece and Turkey. After a brief but intense national debate, Congress agreed. Truman then launched an effort to save the Greek economy and reorganize the Greek army. Soon after that, Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union ended their aid to Greek rebels. The civil war in Greece ended. American help for Greece and Turkey was the 1st step in what became known as the "Truman Doctrine." The goal of this policy was to stop Soviet aggression anywhere in the world. Truman was willing to use military force to stop the spread of communism. But he also believed it was equally important to build up western European nations so they would be strong enough to defend themselves. After the war, President Truman made George Marshall his secretary of state. Marshall had led American troops as a general in WWII. Now, as the nation's top diplomat, he proposed the idea for rebuilding Europe. This idea became known as the "Marshall Plan." President Truman explained why there had to be a Marshall Plan. People were starving, he said. There had been food riots in France and Italy. There was not enough fuel. People were cold and sick. Tuberculosis was breaking out. As Truman said later, "Something had to be done." Secretary of State Marshall described the plan during a congressional hearing in Washington. "Why must the United States carry so great a load in helping Europe? The answer is simple. The United States is the only country in the world today which has the economic power and productivity to furnish the needed assistance. The !$6,800,000,000 proposed for the 1st 15 months is less than a single month's charge of the war. The United States offered aid through the Marshall Plan to all countries in Europe. The Soviet Union and its allies refused help. 16 other countries, however, welcomed the aid. From 1948 to 1952, administrators of the Marshall Plan worked with these countries. The United States spent !$13,000,000,000. The plan worked. Agricultural production in Marshall Plan countries increased by !10%. Industrial production increased by !35%. Production in some industries, such as steel, increased by much more. There were political results, as well. Stronger economies helped prevent communists from gaining control of the governments in France and Italy. Some Europeans criticized the Marshall Plan. They said it increased tensions between the United States and the Soviet Union in the years after the war. Yet few could deny that the plan was one of the most successful international economic programs in history. Next week, we look at another way the United States provided aid in postwar Europe-- the Berlin Airlift.
Просмотров: 4442 ListenAndReadAlong
The Truman Doctrine Explained
 
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A super quick overview of the Truman Doctrine and the beginning of the Cold War taking place in Turkey and Greece.
Просмотров: 59411 Hip Hughes
President Truman on Marshall Plan
 
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Просмотров: 1302 mmlearningllc
'The Marshall Plan: Dawn of the Cold War' by Benn Steil
 
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Benn Steil discusses his new book, The Marshall Plan: Dawn of the Cold War. Speaker Benn Steil Senior Fellow and Director of International Economics, Council on Foreign Relations Presider Richard N. Haass President, Council on Foreign Relations; Author, A World in Disarray: American Foreign Policy and the Crisis of the Old Order Subscribe to our channel: https://goo.gl/WCYsH7 The Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) is an independent, nonpartisan membership organization, think tank, and publisher. Visit the CFR website: http://www.cfr.org Follow CFR on Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/cfr_org Follow CFR on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/councilonforeignrelations/
Просмотров: 2357 Council on Foreign Relations
Marshall Plan (1947)
 
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Unissued / unused material. Sound is very poor on this item - sounds like neg. sound, but is combined pos. Washington DC, United States of America (USA). C/Us of United States Secretary of State George Marshall addressing a joint congressional committee on aid to Europe. He reads the entire speech from a piece of paper. Various C/Us of members of committee listening. Due to poor sound quality it is quite hard to work out exactly what he is saying. Item is identical to UN 1844 A (including poor sound quality!) FILM ID:2198.17 A VIDEO FROM BRITISH PATHÉ. EXPLORE OUR ONLINE CHANNEL, BRITISH PATHÉ TV. IT'S FULL OF GREAT DOCUMENTARIES, FASCINATING INTERVIEWS, AND CLASSIC MOVIES. http://www.britishpathe.tv/ FOR LICENSING ENQUIRIES VISIT http://www.britishpathe.com/ British Pathé also represents the Reuters historical collection, which includes more than 120,000 items from the news agencies Gaumont Graphic (1910-1932), Empire News Bulletin (1926-1930), British Paramount (1931-1957), and Gaumont British (1934-1959), as well as Visnews content from 1957 to the end of 1979. All footage can be viewed on the British Pathé website. https://www.britishpathe.com/
Просмотров: 996 British Pathé
6: GCSE History - the Truman Doctrine & the Marshall Plan
 
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Test your knowledge of this topic with an interactive game at: http://www.zondle.com/cdl.aspx?qp=474854&a=934
Просмотров: 14395 Simon Hinds
1951 MARSHALL PLAN ANIMATED PROMOTIONAL FILM for EUROPEANS 87724
 
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This British-made animated film WITHOUT FEAR addresses Europe’s condition five years after the war, and speculates about the continent’s future. Hemsing stated that anyone seeking insights into the Europeans’ hopes, fears and emotions during the period of the Cold War would find this flawed, but powerful, film revealing. Even as the world grows smaller, Europe remains split. West Europeans can either heed the siren song from the East — unity but without liberty — or work for a more prosperous, more just society. The preachy narration is matched by the strong images—a tide of Technicolor red engulfing all of Europe. Students of propaganda technique will be well rewarded. Even as the world grows smaller, Europe five years after World War II remains divided, and, even in the West, disunited. The narrator intones that "in our search for unity, we West Europeans can heed the siren song from the East: the promise of instant unity but without liberty. Or we can build our common defenses, and behind them work for a more prosperous, more just society. For freedom and unity can thrive only where there is a decent standard of living." After World War II, the Marshall Plan transferred over $13 billion of material and technical assistance to 18 European countries. To help explain to citizens how the plan worked, over 260 films were produced by European filmmakers between 1948-1953 at the Paris headquarters. The goal was to paint a convincing picture of a vision of a future in which Europeans could aspire to prosperity, American-style. Producer: Philip Stapp (writer and animator of the nominated doc short "From Generation to Generation"); director: Peter Sachs. We encourage viewers to add comments and, especially, to provide additional information about our videos by adding a comment! See something interesting? Tell people what it is and what they can see by writing something for example like: "01:00:12:00 -- President Roosevelt is seen meeting with Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference." This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
Просмотров: 1494 PeriscopeFilm
Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan
 
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This 6 minute clip goes through two key policies of the early Cold War. It explains the Truman Doctrine and Containment. It explains the background to this and why it was used. It also explains the Marshall Plan and why Marshall aid was so successful (but also how it had a political twist) I hope it's useful.
Просмотров: 5617 Lagan History
The Marshall Plan and the Birth of the Cold War
 
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Given current echoes of the Cold War, as Putin’s Russia rattles the world order, the tenuous balance of power and uncertain order of the late 1940s is as relevant as ever. THE MARSHALL PLAN provides critical context into understanding today’s international landscape. For more about THE MARSHALL PLAN by Benn Steil: http://bit.ly/2DASfcF CONNECT WITH SIMON & SCHUSTER Web: http://ow.ly/V7Sw309A8Gx Twitter: https://twitter.com/simonschuster  Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/simonandschuster Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/Simonandschuster/ CONNECT WITH HISTORY IN FIVE Web: http://ow.ly/V7Sw309A8Gx Twitter: https://twitter.com/HistoryInFive Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/history_in_five/ Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/HistoryInFive/ Simon & Schuster Studio 4: Twitter: https://twitter.com/SimonStudio4 Instagram:  https://www.instagram.com/simonschuster_studio4/
Просмотров: 1151 History in Five
Here's How the Truman Doctrine Established the Cold War | History
 
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Learn how the Truman Doctrine marked the beginning of the Cold War, how it shaped America's attitude towards communism and how it shifted its foreign policy on interventionism with its involvement in the Mediterranean after World War II. Subscribe for more from HISTORY: http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=historychannel Find out more about this and other specials on our site: http://www.history.com Newsletter: https://www.history.com/newsletter Website - http://www.history.com Google+ - https://plus.google.com/+HISTORY/posts Facebook - https://www.facebook.com/History Twitter - https://twitter.com/history HISTORY Topical Video Season 1 Episode 1 Whether you're looking for more on American Revolution battles, WWII generals, architectural wonders, secrets of the ancient world, U.S. presidents, Civil War leaders, famous explorers or the stories behind your favorite holidays. HISTORY®, now reaching more than 98 million homes, is the leading destination for award-winning original series and specials that connect viewers with history in an informative, immersive, and entertaining manner across all platforms. The network’s all-original programming slate features a roster of hit series, epic miniseries, and scripted event programming. Visit us at HISTORY.com for more info.
Просмотров: 13680 HISTORY
The Cold War: Crash Course US History #37
 
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Crash Course World History is now available on DVD! Visit http://dft.ba/-CCWHDVD to buy a set for your home or classroom. You can directly support Crash Course at https://www.patreon.com/crashcourse Subscribe for as little as $0 to keep up with everything we're doing. Free is nice, but if you can afford to pay a little every month, it really helps us to continue producing this content. In which John Green teaches you about the Cold War, which was the decades long conflict between the USA and the USSR. The Cold War was called cold because of the lack of actual fighting, but this is inaccurate. There was plenty of fighting, from Korea to Viet Nam to Afghanistan, but we'll get into that stuff next week. This week we'll talk about how the Cold War started. In short it grew out of World War II. Basically, the Soviets occupied eastern Europe, and the US supported western Europe. This setup would spill across the world, with client states on both sides. It's all in the video. You should just watch it. Hey teachers and students - Check out CommonLit's free collection of reading passages and curriculum resources to learn more about the events of this episode. The Cold War spanned over four decades of American history, beginning with the paranoia of McCarthyism, a political witch hunt for communists: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/mccarthyism President Kennedy delivered an Inaugural Address during the height of the Cold War, initiating a space race: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/president-kennedy-s-inaugural-address President Kennedy also oversaw Cuba's emergence as a Cold War rival of the United States: https://www.commonlit.org/texts/cold-war-rivals-cuba-and-the-united-states
Просмотров: 2798820 CrashCourse
A Brief History of the Marshall Plan
 
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The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was the American initiative to aid Europe and Asia, in which the United States gave $13 billion (approximately $160 billion in current dollar value) in economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II. The video looks at how the Marshall plan affected the world after World War Two. America sent millions of dollars to countries in Asia and Europe to help their re development following world war two. The Marshall plan helped to remove trade barriers between the countries in Europe following world war to and helped the countries to redevelop their economy. However, the countries in Europe which fell under the Soviet Union sphere of influence refused to join the Marshall Plan and this therefore meant that their recovery from the war took significantly longer compared to the countries which adopted the Marshall Plan.
Просмотров: 1405 A Brief History Of ...
Truman Signs Marshall Plan - 1948 | Today In History | 3 Apr 17
 
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On April 3, 1948, President Harry S. Truman signed the Marshall Plan, designed to help European allies rebuild after World War II and resist communism. President Truman signs the Bill which will give aid to free nations. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/01fe1532feb1441abbabbe2f19deb834 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Просмотров: 605 British Movietone
The Marshall Plan & OECD Explained in One Minute: Dates/History, Countries, Figures and Objectives
 
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By understanding what the Marshall Plan as well as the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development or OECD are, you ultimately understand what happened to Europe and ultimately the world after World War II. Without the Marshall Plan or without the OECD, things would have looked a lot different, at the very least across Europe. The implementation of the Marshall Plan as well as the emergence of the OEEC and later OECD made it clear that visionaries such as George Marshall wanted to create a framework for peace and prosperity. Was the Marshall Plan perfect? No. Was the OEEC perfect? Nope. Is the OECD perfect? Of course not. But at the end of the day, they make it clear that humanity is... well, trying. That definitely counts for something. Please like, comment and subscribe if you've enjoyed this video. To support the channel, give me a minute (see what I did there?) of your time by visiting OneMinuteEconomics.com and reading my message. Bitcoin donations can be sent to 1AFYgM8Cmiiu5HjcXaP5aS1fEBJ5n3VDck and PayPal donations to oneminuteeconomics@gmail.com, any and all support is greatly appreciated! Oh and I've also started playing around with Patreon, my link is: https://www.patreon.com/oneminuteeconomics Interested in reading a good book? My first book, Wealth Management 2.0 (through which I do my best to help people manage their wealth properly, whether we're talking about someone who has a huge amount of money at his disposal or someone who is still living paycheck to paycheck), can be bought using the links below: Amazon - https://www.amazon.com/Wealth-Management-2-0-Financial-Professionals-ebook/dp/B01I1WA2BK Barnes & Noble - http://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/wealth-management-20-andrei-polgar/1124435282?ean=2940153328942 iBooks (Apple) - https://itun.es/us/wYSveb.l Kobo - https://store.kobobooks.com/en-us/ebook/wealth-management-2-0 My second book, the Wall Street Journal and USA Today bestseller The Age of Anomaly (through which I help people prepare for financial calamities and become more financially resilient in general), can be bought using the links below. Amazon - https://www.amazon.com/Age-Anomaly-Spotting-Financial-Uncertainty-ebook/dp/B078SYL5YS Barnes & Noble - https://www.barnesandnoble.com/w/the-age-of-anomaly-andrei-polgar/1127084693?ean=2940155383970 iBooks (Apple) - https://itunes.apple.com/us/book/age-anomaly-spotting-financial-storms-in-sea-uncertainty/id1331704265 Kobo - https://www.kobo.com/ww/en/ebook/the-age-of-anomaly-spotting-financial-storms-in-a-sea-of-uncertainty Last but not least, if you'd like to follow me on social media, use one of the links below: https://www.facebook.com/oneminuteeconomics https://twitter.com/andreipolgar https://ro.linkedin.com/in/andrei-polgar-9a11a561
Просмотров: 11733 One Minute Economics
The Marshall Plan
 
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This short video has footage of George Marshall testifying before Congress in January, 1948 about the Marshall Plan to rebuild Europe after World War II.
Просмотров: 66699 William Lambers
The Cold War: The Truman Doctrine - Episode 7
 
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In this video, we will take a look at the US foreign policy which was used under Truman near the start of the Cold War. With the main focal point being around containing communism, we try to understand the main features of the Truman Doctrine and the reasons for the foreign policy change. My Twitter: https://twitter.com/ImStuckYoutube?lang=en http://imstuck.wix.com/imstuckgcserevision
Просмотров: 1814 I'm Stuck - GCSE Revision
Cold War - Marshall Plan 1947-1952 - Part 3/24
 
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Beschrijving
Просмотров: 13288 Arjen Molen
History Brief: The Truman Doctrine
 
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This video offers a brief description of the Truman Doctrine and its impact. Teachers, check out our store on TpT: http://bit.ly/2fSXb3V ***** Follow us on Facebook:https://www.facebook.com/ReadingThroughHistory/ **** Check out our books on Amazon: http://amzn.to/2gb3xIr ***** The following information is covered in this video: -President Harry Truman's 1947 speech concerning Greece and Turkey. Both countries were experiencing economic and political turmoil, and Truman concluded that the US should do everything within its power to assist these nations. -Truman's fears that if Greece and Turkey were left to their own accord, they would become communist nations. -Truman's belief that communism must be halted and not allowed to spread to other nations. -Truman's speech may have sparked the Cold War. -Truman established the Truman Doctrine as America's policy towards communism. -The Truman Doctrine's policy of containment. -The US would not try to eliminate communism, but instead, simply confine it to the nations where communism already existed. -The Domino Theory, which suggested that if one nation in a region fell to communism, nearby nations could fall as well, similar to dominoes falling upon each other. -Greece and Turkey receiving more than $400 million to help rebuild their economy and firmly establish their government. -In 1948, the Marshall Plan gave more than $12 billion to aid in rebuilding Western European nations rebuild after the destruction of World War II. -The Marshall Plan was devised to help Western European nations resist communism and prevent them from falling under the influence of the Soviet Union. -The Truman Doctrine and the policy of containment were also responsible for the US entry into multiple military conflicts throughout the 1950s, ‘60s, ‘70s, and ‘80s. -The Truman Doctrine attempted to prevent the spread of communism by sending troops overseas. -Containment proved successful for South Korea. -Containment failed in Vietnam. -Containment continued to be one of the dominant forms of dealing with the communist threat throughout the remainder of the Cold War.
Просмотров: 20956 Reading Through History
The Marshall Plan Speech (video presentation by the Marshall Foundation)
 
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A video presentation by the George C. Marshall Foundation: When Secretary of State Marshall accepted an invitation from Harvard to receive an honorary degree during the first week in June 1947, the State Department informed the president of the Alumni Association that Marshall would make a speech for the afternoon meeting of the Harvard Alumni Association but that Marshall did not want it to be a major speech of the occasion. There were no discussions with representatives of other governments; there were no notifications of the American press that an important speech was to be delivered, and even Harvard President James B. Conant did not expect a major address from General Marshall. The speech was drafted by Chip Bohlen, a Russia specialist and interpreter who used memoranda from the Director of the Policy Planning Staff George F. Kennan and from Under Secretary of State for Economic Affairs William Clayton. Bohlen especially benefited from Clayton's graphic oral descriptions of Europe's situation. In the memorandum he wrote, "Millions of people in the cities are slowly starving," if the standard of living continued to deteriorate, "there will be revolution." On the day of the speech the capacity crowd of 15,000 in Harvard Yard did not expect to see history made but simply to see one of the most admired public servants in America. However when Secretary Marshall began to read his speech there was a recognition that the carefully worded remarks on the political and economic crisis in Europe marked an important event. In that speech, Marshall outlined the need for an economic aid plan to help the devastated nations of Europe and their citizens to recover from the ravages of World War II. When Marshall said, "It is logical that the United States should do whatever it is able to do to assist in the return of normal economic health in the world, without which there can be no political stability and no assured peace," the Secretary of State committed the United States to consider a European recovery plan that would be developed by the Europeans and presented to the United States. Thus was launched The Marshall Plan for which George C. Marshall would be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. To learn more about Marshall's speech click here. To download a copy of this video presentation right click or command click here
Просмотров: 22888 William Lambers
Noam Chomsky on the Marshall plan and Globalization
 
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Noam Chomsky, is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, and political activist. Undercurrents filmed him in discussion with activists London 2004
Просмотров: 6315 undercurrentspaulo
Almanac: The Marshall Plan
 
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On June 5, 1947, Secretary of State George C. Marshall announced an economic assistance plan that would help Western Europe rise out of the ashes of World War II. Charles Osgood reports.
Просмотров: 2220 CBS Sunday Morning
Erdogan plan: The new marshall plan - Turkey is rebuilding Somalia
 
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https://www.ft.com/content/bae31b04-fa6f-11e5-8f41-df5bda8beb40
Просмотров: 29693 IMAN M ALI
The Marshall Plan: George Marshall Calls For Aid to Europe After WWII
 
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A public domain video. The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave over $12 billion (approximately $120 billion in current dollar value as of June 2016) in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II. The plan was in operation for four years beginning April 8, 1948. The goals of the United States were to rebuild war-devastated regions, remove trade barriers, modernize industry, make Europe prosperous once more, and prevent the spread of communism. The Marshall Plan required a lessening of interstate barriers, a dropping of many regulations, and encouraged an increase in productivity, labour union membership, as well as the adoption of modern business procedures. The Marshall Plan aid was divided amongst the participant states roughly on a per capita basis. A larger amount was given to the major industrial powers, as the prevailing opinion was that their resuscitation was essential for general European revival. Somewhat more aid per capita was also directed towards the Allied nations, with less for those that had been part of the Axis or remained neutral. The largest recipient of Marshall Plan money was the United Kingdom (receiving about 26% of the total), followed by France (18%) and West Germany (11%). Some 18 European countries received Plan benefits. Although offered participation, the Soviet Union refused Plan benefits, and also blocked benefits to Eastern Bloc countries, such as East Germany and Poland. The United States provided similar aid programs in Asia, but they were not called "Marshall Plan". The initiative is named after Secretary of State George Marshall, who also served as the United States Army Chief of staff during WWII. The plan had bipartisan support in Washington, where the Republicans controlled Congress and the Democrats controlled the White House with Harry S. Truman as president. The Plan was largely the creation of State Department officials, especially William L. Clayton and George F. Kennan, with help from the Brookings Institution, as requested by Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee Marshall spoke of an urgent need to help the European recovery in his address at Harvard University in June 1947. The purpose of the Marshall Plan was to aid in the economic recovery of nations after WWII as well as to antagonize the Soviet Union. In order to combat the effects of the Marshall Plan, the USSR developed its own economic plan, known as the Molotov Plan. It was not as effective as the Marshall Plan, and in some ways contradictory to eastern block countries that served alongside the axis powers in WWII. The phrase "equivalent of the Marshall Plan" is often used to describe a proposed large-scale economic rescue program. source: wikipedia.org Subscribe - never miss a video! https://www.youtube.com/channel/UC_S8ZlDCRkMMgc7ciw8X-hg The 20th Century Time Machine takes you back in time to the most important historical events of the past century. Watch documentaries, discussions and real footage of major events that shaped the world we live in today. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EHAZA5h5cmo
Просмотров: 1412 npatou
The Cold War - 03 - Marshall Plan
 
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Cold War is a twenty-four episode television documentary series about the Cold War that aired in 1998.[1] It features interviews and footage of the events that shaped the tense relationships between the Soviet Union and the United States. The series was produced by Pat Mitchell and Jeremy Isaacs, who had earlier in 1973 produced the World War II documentary series The World at War in a similar style. Ted Turner funded the series as a joint production between the Turner Broadcasting System and the BBC, and was first broadcast on CNN in the United States and BBC Two in the United Kingdom. Writers included Hella Pick, Jeremy Isaacs, Lawrence Freedman, Neal Ascherson, Hugh O'Shaughnessy and Germaine Greer. Kenneth Branagh was the narrator, and Carl Davis (who also collaborated with Isaacs with The World at War) composed the theme music. Each episode would feature historical footage and interviews from both significant figures and others who had witnessed particular events. For both altruistic and self-serving purposes, the United States provides massive grants of aid to the countries of Europe in the form of the Marshall Plan. Stalin, concerned that the intent of the Marshall Plan is to weaken Soviet influence in Europe, prevents countries in its orbit from participating, and establishes the rival Council for Mutual Economic Assistance. Communists come to power through a coup in Czechoslovakia in 1948. Tito, while originally aligned to the Soviet Union, adopts a more independent foreign policy and eventually switches to receiving Marshall Aid Assistance. The CIA and the Catholic Church conspire to help oust the Italian Communist Party and its coalition allies in the 1948 Italian election. The Marshall Plan has the effect of modernising European economies and societies, bringing Western Europe closer together, and closer to the United States. Interviewees include Vladimir Yerofeyev, Gianni Agnelli and Giulio Andreotti. The pre-credits scene portrays the squalor in post-war Italy, and Truman delivering his Truman Doctrine speech of 1947.
Просмотров: 2991 DocumentaryFR3AK
Marshall Plan (1948)
 
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Thought to be Selected Originals from late 1940s material. United States of America (USA). The American Secretary of State, General George Marshall, testifies on plan to aid European recovery. George Marshall chatting to Senator Arthur Vandenburg before the speech. Close up of George Marshall as he starts talking (Mute). Close up of George Marshall speaking. Possibly connected with 48/6 - MD. Cataloguers Note: Spelling Variations - Vandenburg or Vandenberg FILM ID:1514.51 A VIDEO FROM BRITISH PATHÉ. EXPLORE OUR ONLINE CHANNEL, BRITISH PATHÉ TV. IT'S FULL OF GREAT DOCUMENTARIES, FASCINATING INTERVIEWS, AND CLASSIC MOVIES. http://www.britishpathe.tv/ FOR LICENSING ENQUIRIES VISIT http://www.britishpathe.com/ British Pathé also represents the Reuters historical collection, which includes more than 120,000 items from the news agencies Gaumont Graphic (1910-1932), Empire News Bulletin (1926-1930), British Paramount (1931-1957), and Gaumont British (1934-1959), as well as Visnews content from 1957 to the end of 1979. All footage can be viewed on the British Pathé website. https://www.britishpathe.com/
Просмотров: 547 British Pathé
The Marshall Plan
 
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A brief history of the most important and overlooked economic plan of the 21st century.
Просмотров: 34347 teithiad
An Enduring Legacy: The Marshall Plan 70 Years Later
 
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Speakers: The Hon. Jeanne Shaheen, United States Senator; Member, Committee on Foreign Relations and Committee on Armed Services H.E. David O’Sullivan, Ambassador, Delegation of the European Union to the United States   The Hon. Niels Annen, Member, German Bundestag; Spokesperson on foreign affairs, SPD Parliamentary Group in the German Bundestag Moderator Dr. Karen Donfried, President, The German Marshall Fund of the United States To celebrate the 70th anniversary of the Marshall Plan, The German Marshall Fund of the United States (GMF) is honored to invite you to a conversation on the enduring legacy of the Marshall Plan today featuring U.S. Senator Jeanne Shaheen, EU Ambassador David O’Sullivan, and member of the German Parliament and spokesperson on foreign affairs for the SPD Parliamentary Group Niels Annen. The event will begin at 6:00 p.m. on Tuesday May 9, 2017 with a preceding reception beginning at 5:30 p.m. in room 902 of the Hart Senate Office Building. The discussion will be moderated by GMF President Dr. Karen Donfried.
Просмотров: 542 GermanMarshallFund
Truman Doctrine & Marshall Plan
 
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Outline of the US policy of containment in 1947. (Recorded with http://screencast-o-matic.com)
Просмотров: 632 RelentlessHistory
The Marshall Plan approached aid with a long-term strategic vision
 
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In a panel discussion on the future of development cooperation, co-hosted by USAID, CARE USA President and CEO Michelle Nunn talks about how the Marshall Plan sought to meet immediate needs, while also looking 100 years out. She attributes the Marshall Plan with helping create a post-WWII architecture of cooperation that continues today. https://www.brookings.edu/events/the-marshall-plans-70th-anniversary-and-the-future-of-development-cooperation/ (transcript available) Subscribe! http://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=BrookingsInstitution Follow Brookings on social media! Facebook: http://www.Facebook.com/Brookings Twitter: http://www.twitter.com/BrookingsInst Instagram: http://www.Instagram.com/brookingsinst LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/com/company/the-brookings-institution
Просмотров: 129 Brookings Institution
US President Truman signs the historic Marshall Plan and makes a short statement ...HD Stock Footage
 
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Link to order this clip: http://www.criticalpast.com/video/65675045164_Marshall-Plan_Harry-S-Truman_Arthur-Vandenberg_Joseph-Martin_foreign-assistance-bill Historic Stock Footage Archival and Vintage Video Clips in HD. US President Truman signs the historic Marshall Plan and makes a short statement about it in the United States. US President Harry S. Truman signs the historic Marshall Plan in the United States. The signing of the foreign assistance bill and aid to China is witnessed by Senator Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg; American politician, Thomas Terry Connally; Representative Sol Bloom; the Speaker of the House, Joseph Martin and others. President Truman makes a short statement about the bill. Location: United States. Date: 1948. Visit us at www.CriticalPast.com: 57,000+ broadcast-quality historic clips for immediate download. Fully digitized and searchable, the CriticalPast collection is one of the largest archival footage collections in the world. All clips are licensed royalty-free, worldwide, in perpetuity. CriticalPast offers immediate downloads of full-resolution HD and SD masters and full-resolution time-coded screeners, 24 hours a day, to serve the needs of broadcast news, TV, film, and publishing professionals worldwide. Still photo images extracted from the vintage footage are also available for immediate download. CriticalPast is your source for imagery of worldwide events, people, and B-roll spanning the 20th century.
Просмотров: 867 CriticalPast
MARSHALL PLAN IN AUSTRIA  INFORMATION FILM "THE INVISIBLE LINK" 1951  87224
 
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THE INVISIBLE LINK is a 1951 film directed by Victor Vicas. The film was produced in Europe as part of the overseas information program of the United States Government during the years of the Marshall Plan, 1948 to 1951. It was shown throughout Europe as a means of telling the story of United States participation in the European Recovery Program. This invisible link that power's Austria's industry, cities and farms is, of course, electric power. Ultimately that power means jobs for the nation's many unemployed. Kaprun Dam, (00:02:35:00) in the mountains north of Salzburg - Austria's largest - and some 20 others will provide more electricity than ever before, thanks to Marshall Plan aid. Stunning footage shows how one family farms in the high mountains, with (00:09:10:00) and without (00:11:00:00) the benefit of electricity. The Marshall Plan, officially the European Recovery Program, was an American initiative to aid Western Europe, in which the United States gave $13 billion (approximately $130 billion in current dollar value) in economic support to help rebuild Western European economies after the end of World War II. The plan was in operation for four years beginning in April of 1948. The goals of the United States were to rebuild war-devastated regions, remove trade barriers, modernize industry, make Europe prosperous again, and prevent the spread of communism. The Marshall Plan required a lessening of interstate barriers, a dropping of many regulations, and encouraged an increase in productivity, labor union membership, as well as the adoption of modern business procedures. We encourage viewers to add comments and, especially, to provide additional information about our videos by adding a comment! See something interesting? Tell people what it is and what they can see by writing something for example like: "01:00:12:00 -- President Roosevelt is seen meeting with Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference." This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
Просмотров: 601 PeriscopeFilm
Dr. Karen Donfried on the Spirit of the Marshall Plan
 
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Dr. Karen Donfried, President of the German Marshall Fund of the United States on the Spirit of the Marshall Plan.
Просмотров: 220 GermanMarshallFund
Martin Jacques on China: Is the Belt and Road China’s Marshall Plan?
 
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The China-proposed Belt and Road Initiative is a continent-spanning project that aims to boost inter-connectivity between China and more than 60 other countries in terms of trade and infrastructure. Various commentators have compared it to the US’ Marshall Plan, which looked to restore long-term prosperity in a post-war Western Europe. With the 900-billion-US-dollar Belt and Road Initiative dwarfing the Marshall Plan when it comes to cost and scale, "Martin Jacques on China" looks at the big question: Is there any comparison between the two plans in terms of purpose? Subscribe to us on YouTube: https://goo.gl/lP12gA Download our APP on Apple Store (iOS): https://itunes.apple.com/us/app/cctvnews-app/id922456579?l=zh&ls=1&mt=8 Download our APP on Google Play (Android): https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.imib.cctv Follow us on: Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/ChinaGlobalTVNetwork/ Instagram: https://www.instagram.com/cgtn/?hl=zh-cn Twitter: https://twitter.com/CGTNOfficial Pinterest: https://www.pinterest.com/CGTNOfficial/ Tumblr: http://cctvnews.tumblr.com/ Weibo: http://weibo.com/cctvnewsbeijing
Просмотров: 2784 CGTN
TRUMAN URGES ADOPTION OF MARSHALL PLAN
 
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President Truman addresses Congress urging them to adopt the Marshall Plan. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/a70e40ec9a6c47a081d4f339ffd4ea57 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Просмотров: 79 British Movietone
THE BIG PICTURE "ARMY IN ACTION" MARSHALL PLAN EPISODE 9 74512
 
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This episode of The Big Picture's TV Series "Army in Action" focuses on the aftermath of World War II in Europe and Asia. The plight of defeated Germany and Italy, with their decimated cities and homeless population, is clearly illustrated with footage of the stark devastation. Hiroshima and Nagasaki, leveled by atomic explosions, are also shown and the situation in Japan described. The tragic costs of World War II are elucidated, with a focus on the reconstruction of cities, people, hearts and minds, and an assessment of the bitter cost of conflict. The post-WWII effort to lead defeated adversaries to democracy, and the Marshall Plan work, and the Occupation of Japan and the Occupation of Germany is shown. The Nuremberg Trials and Japanese War Crime Tribunals are also shown, with the judgement against those who led their nations into defeat. Starting about the 17 minute mark, the rise of the Soviet block is shown, with the Russians annexing formerly free nations and stifling opposition, including in Manchuria, Lithuania, Poland, East Germany, etc. The descent of the Iron Curtain in Europe is mentioned at 20 minutes, as Winston Churchill speaks on the subject. Sec. of State George C. Marshall is shown proposing the Marshall Plan at the 20:30 mark. At the 23:30 mark, the Berlin Crisis of 1948 and the Berlin Airlift are shown. The Marshall Plan (officially the European Recovery Program, ERP) was an American initiative to aid Europe, in which the United States gave $13 billion (approximately $120 billion in current dollar value) in economic support to help rebuild European economies after the end of World War II. The plan was in operation for four years beginning in April 1948. The goals of the United States were to rebuild war-devastated regions, remove trade barriers, modernize industry, make Europe prosperous again, and prevent the spread of communism. The Marshall Plan required a lessening of interstate barriers, a dropping of many petty regulations constraining business, and encouraged an increase in productivity, labour union membership, as well as the adoption of modern business procedures. The Marshall Plan aid was divided amongst the participant states roughly on a per capita basis. A larger amount was given to the major industrial powers, as the prevailing opinion was that their resuscitation was essential for general European revival. Somewhat more aid per capita was also directed towards the Allied nations, with less for those that had been part of the Axis or remained neutral. The largest recipient of Marshall Plan money was the United Kingdom (receiving about 26% of the total), followed by France (18%) and West Germany (11%). Some 18 European countries received Plan benefits. Although offered participation, the Soviet Union refused Plan benefits, and also blocked benefits to Eastern Bloc countries, such as East Germany and Poland. The United States provided similar aid programs in Asia, but they were not called "Marshall Plan". The initiative is named after Secretary of State George Marshall. The plan had bipartisan support in Washington, where the Republicans controlled Congress and the Democrats controlled the White House with Harry S. Truman as president. The Plan was largely the creation of State Department officials, especially William L. Clayton and George F. Kennan, with help from Brookings Institution, as requested by Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Marshall spoke of an urgent need to help the European recovery in his address at Harvard University in June 1947. We encourage viewers to add comments and, especially, to provide additional information about our videos by adding a comment! See something interesting? Tell people what it is and what they can see by writing something for example like: "01:00:12:00 -- President Roosevelt is seen meeting with Winston Churchill at the Quebec Conference." This film is part of the Periscope Film LLC archive, one of the largest historic military, transportation, and aviation stock footage collections in the USA. Entirely film backed, this material is available for licensing in 24p HD and 2k. For more information visit http://www.PeriscopeFilm.com
Просмотров: 1290 PeriscopeFilm
Germany: A Marshall Plan for Africa? | DW News
 
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Read more: http://www.dw.com/en/german-development-minister-launches-marshall-plan-with-africa/a-37178506 Germany's Minister for Development is about to introduce his 'Marshall Plan' for Africa. Hope is that investment will provide opportunities for Africans who would otherwise come to Europe looking for work. DW takes a look at the difficult trek north.
Просмотров: 1395 DW English
Marshall & the President, 1943
 
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Several times in 1943 command of the invasion of northern France was promised to General George Marshall, its architect and chief advocate. FDR gave the coveted command to General Dwight D. Eisenhower, assuring Ike, not Marshall, would win the highest battle honors of the war. Why? Dr. Nigel Hamilton, who has been studying Franklin Roosevelt as U.S. Commander in Chief in WWII, offers a fresh perspective on one of the most debated promotions in history.
Просмотров: 4910 GCMarshallFoundation
Sen. Michael Bennet Delivers Speech on The Marshall Plan at 70— From Truman to Trump
 
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Colorado U.S. Senator Michael Bennet delivers a speech comparing moments in history to the present political climate: 70 years ago, General George Marshall delivered a speech that soon became known as the Marshall Plan. Senator Bennet reflects on this plan in light of President Trump's withdrawal from the Paris Agreement. Senate Floor, June 7, 2017.
Просмотров: 73 Senator Michael Bennet
Marshall Plan, Truman Doctrine and NATO
 
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Просмотров: 293 CredoHS
Holland - Fiftieth anniversary of Marshall plan
 
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T/I: 10:39:38 US President Bill Clinton joined European heads of state and prime ministers for lunch on Wednesday (28/5) at the Paleis Noordeinde in the Hague, on the first day of a trans-Atlantic summit meeting. Clinton is in the Netherlands to attend ceremonies which will mark the fiftieth anniversary of the Marshall Plan, the American aid program which helped to rebuild Europe in the wake of the destruction of World War Two. SHOWS: THE HAGUE, THE NETHERLANDS, 28/5 WS of palace Noordeinde; security on roof of palace; two female guards by entrance palace; Photo opportunity Dutch Queen Beatrix with husband Claus, son crown prince Alexander and Hillary and Bill Clinton; PAN of room where luncheon takes place; EXT of courtyard palace Noordeinde. WS of luncheon room Queen Beatrix and president Clinton toasting; SOT queen Beatrix of the Netherlands (in english) "The course of history prevented a number of european countries from accepting the aid which was then offered. Today still these countries are struggling with economic disadvantages. However the momentus tranformation which took place eight years ago has opened the way for a new program of cooperation which now spans the entire breadth of the continent. The solidarity which grew in the west after the war is now expanding to include central and eastern europe. This is happening in another era in different circumstances and by other means but on the basis of the same principles as those of the 1947 european recovery program" SOT American president Bill Clinton "The daunting challenge in Marshall's time was to repair the damage of a devastating war now we face the equally ambitious task of promoting peace and security and prosperity of all the people of Europe. As we celebrate the 50th anniversary of the Marshall plan let us commit ourselves to build upon that success for the next 50 years and beyond. And let us now join in a toast to her majesty and the people of the Netherlands for this great and good day"; Clinton and Beatrix joining in toast. 3.19 You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/d5f0856e517e0e70d22867608ef87b4f Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Просмотров: 484 AP Archive
Holland - Fiftieth anniversary of Marshall plan
 
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T/I: 11:14:35 GS 10:06:42 US President Bill Clinton and European leaders gathered in the Hague on Wednesday (28/5) for ceremonies to commemorate the fiftieth anniversary of the Marshall plan, which helped to rebuild Europe after World War Two. During the event, which featured music and speeches, Dutch Prime Minister Wim Kok, who is currently EU president, thanked America on behalf of all the countries which benefited from Marshall plan aid in the years after the war. The Marshall plan was named after former US Secretary of State George Marshall, who devised the scheme to pump billions of dollars of aid into 16 European countries between 1948 and 1952 to help them rebuild. SHOWS: THE HAGUE, HOLLAND 28/5 00.00 CU police convoy and Clinton's car leaving gates of official residence; 00.08 WS top shot of Bill Clinton motorcade driving through Hague; 00.12 CU Clinton car comes to a halt; 00.15 MS security man on roof; 00.17 MS Clinton gets out of car; 00.21 UPSOT applause over interior hall; 00.24 MS Clinton walks down aisle to applause; 00.27 WS cutaway orchestra inside hall; 00.30 UPSOT Dutch Prime Minister and EU President Wim Kok:"The plan proved to be uniquely successful. It got Europe back on its feet. (cutaway to CU Clinton listening at 0.38) Through you Mr President I thank the American people on behalf of all the Marshall countries for their generous support at such a critical moment in our history."; 00.53 CU German Chancellor Helmut Kohl close to tears; 01.00 UPSOT Clinton:"American and Europe must complete the noble journey that Marshall began - and this time, no-one must be left behind." 01.12 MS Clintons posing with the Dutch queen; 01.15 MS Clinton, Kok and EU Commission President Jacques Santer walk into presser; 01.19 MS three-shot of the leaders from back of hall; 01.23 CU Kok talking; 01.27 MS Clinton listening; ROTTERDAM, NETHERLANDS,28/5 01.30 UPSOT fanfare as Clintons enter celebrations on pier at Rotterdam; 01.35 Clinton saluting crowd; 01.38 MS Clintons on podium; 01.42 WS cutaway crowd; 01.45 MS Clinton and mayor of Rotterdam pull lever to unveil monument; 01.47 MS monument of Marshall unveiled; 01.58 ENDS You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/c4b8cafcb26378c2a60651880231441c Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Просмотров: 610 AP Archive
The Marshall Plan At Work In Great Britain 1951 WWII (full)
 
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This is freely downloadable at the Internet Archive, where I first uploaded it. "On Marshall Plan aid to Great Britain. Shows London street scenes and a panorama of the English countryside. Flashbacks show German night incendiary raids on London during World War II. Scenes of workers constructing houses, housewives waiting in line at a grocery for rationed food, activities in shipyards and textile mills, barrels of whiskey being readied for export, U.S. tourists in British clothing stores, the manufacture of tires in a factory, grain flowing down a chute from ship to shore, and Britishers at work and at play indicate the progress of British reconstruction and economic development with U.S. aid."
Просмотров: 2380 WWIIPublicDomain
TRUMAN SIGNS MARSHALL AID PLAN
 
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President Truman signs the Bill which will give aid to free nations. You can license this story through AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/metadata/youtube/01fe1532feb1441abbabbe2f19deb834 Find out more about AP Archive: http://www.aparchive.com/HowWeWork
Просмотров: 520 British Movietone
What was the European Marshall Plan? 2
 
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European Marshall Plan Retrospective
Просмотров: 5624 saulpaulus
Marshall Aid Speech (1948)
 
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Washington D.C., United States of America (USA). CU. American Secretary of State, George Marshall addressing the US Congress about his plan to aid European recovery - natural sound. He talks for a very short time - quite incoherent. Information found in the old file: Comb.B/W - 48/6. Natural sound only. FILM ID:2206.04 A VIDEO FROM BRITISH PATHÉ. EXPLORE OUR ONLINE CHANNEL, BRITISH PATHÉ TV. IT'S FULL OF GREAT DOCUMENTARIES, FASCINATING INTERVIEWS, AND CLASSIC MOVIES. http://www.britishpathe.tv/ FOR LICENSING ENQUIRIES VISIT http://www.britishpathe.com/ British Pathé also represents the Reuters historical collection, which includes more than 120,000 items from the news agencies Gaumont Graphic (1910-1932), Empire News Bulletin (1926-1930), British Paramount (1931-1957), and Gaumont British (1934-1959), as well as Visnews content from 1957 to the end of 1979. All footage can be viewed on the British Pathé website. https://www.britishpathe.com/
Просмотров: 347 British Pathé
Marshall Plan Slide Presentation
 
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This video contains an audio visual presentation of George C. Marshall's speech at Harvard in 1947, where he laid out the ideas that led to the Marshall Plan for post-war European economic recovery.
Просмотров: 12795 GCMarshallFoundation
Truman Doctrine & Marshall Plan
 
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Просмотров: 306 Nick Jordan