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Furosemide Nursing Considerations, Side Effects, and Mechanism of Action Pharmacology for Nurses
 
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Grab our free cheatsheet covering the 50 most commonly prescribed medications right here: http://NRSNG.com/50meds Listen to all the episodes at: https://www.nrsng.com/medmaster-podcast/ View the blog post here: https://www.nrsng.com/furosemide/ Furosemide Generic Name: Furosemide Trade Name: Lasix Indication: edema, hypertension Action: prevents reabsorption of sodium and chloride in the kidneys, increase excretion of water, sodium, chloride, magnesium, potassium Therapeutic Class: diuretics Pharmacologic Class: loop diuretics Nursing Considerations:  use caution with liver disease  may cause hypotension, dry mouth, excessive urination, dehydration, electrolyte abnormalities, metabolic alkalosis  hypokalemia may lead to increase risk of digoxin toxicity  monitor renal panel  use caution with other anithypertensives  causes arthritic symptoms/do not administer with aminoglycosides due to ototoxicity
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Pharmacology - Diuretics
 
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Просмотров: 639637 Armando Hasudungan
Pharmacology Tips Loop Diuretics  Lasix
 
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EmpoweRN.com Thank you so much for watching my channel! For the additional resources you can visit here: http://empowern.com/2015/03/pharmacology-loop-diuretics-lasix/ Also, to enter the giveaway all you have to do is: 1. Post a comment 2. Subscribe to the channel. Winner will be announced via email here: http://goo.gl/NO7T7b I would like to thank the video contributors: Rizalyn Joy Gadugdug Maria Salvacion Gonzales Yasmin Hashmi Artem Shestakov And Babar Hayatrana Disclaimer: These videos are intended for entertainment purposes only. Please follow the policy and procedures that your institution requires. Please note that the views, ideas & opinions expressed on this channel and in the videos on this channel are not necessarily of those of my employer or institution. The views expressed on this channel and in the videos channel do not represent medical advice. If you have specific medical concerns, please contact your physician. In order to protect patient privacy, all patient identifiers in all videos have been deleted or altered. The views expressed on this channel and in the videos on this channel are personal opinions. I am not an expert nor do I dispense medical advice or procedural specifications. The information I present is for general knowledge and entertainment purposes only. You need to refer to your own medical director, teachers and protocols for specific treatment information. It is your responsibility to know how best to treat your patient in your jurisdiction. Furosemide (Lasix) - Loop Diuretics Generic Name: Furosemide Brand Name: Lasix Furosemide also known as Lasix is a loop diuretic commonly use to treat fluid retention and edema. Which can be associated with Congestive Heart Failure (CHF), cirrhosis of the liver, and many kidney disorders. It is also sometimes use to treat hypertension alone or in combination with other anti-hypertensive drugs. Diuretics are medications that increases the amount of water that passes through the kidneys as urine, thus, it is often called water pill. Lasix belongs to the group known as Loop diuretics. There a few types of diuretics and loop diuretics are just one type. It works by interfering with the sodium, potassium and chloride symporter. A symporter is a protein membrane that manages the transport of molecules across a cell membrane. The symporter that lasix interacts with is found in the thick ascending limb of the loop of Henle. What it does is………. inhibits the reabsorption of salt (Na+) and Chloride (Cl-). Since the Salt and Chloride will be leaving the body system through the loop of henle this means that water will also follow…. causing more water pass through the kidney. Which will ultimately mean, less fluid remaining in the blood stream. Once Lasix is received the system will then compensate the loss by absorbing any fluid accumulated in the tissues, such as in the lungs or legs, back to the blood stream. This will cause more fluid to be in the blood stream. Which once again pass through the kidney, which will also be excreted in the urine, since the loop diuretic inhibits its reabsorption. This mechanism, is what makes loop diuretics a treatment for fluid retention also known as edema. It can therefore, ease symptoms of edema such as breathlessness caused by congestion of fluid in the lungs which patients diagnosed with CHF, cirrhosis of the liver, nephrotic syndrome and other edematous states may encounter. Lasix is available in forms that can be taken orally and intravenously. When taken intravenously, it is considered to be twice as strong. Parenteral or intravenous Furosemide is indicated when a fast acting and an intense diuresis is needed such as in acute pulmonary edema and cerebral edema. It also indicated when oral therapy is not possible because of problem with absorption in the intestine or for other reasons. Parenteral administration should be observed only in hospital or outpatient clinics. However, in cases of emergency that furosemide should be given right away outside hospital setting, recommended doses should be closely adhered to and patient must be closely monitored. Contraindication: Furosemide should not be taken if your patient cannot urinate. Severe Hypokalemia - is a major contraindication. This means low potassium. Lasix can cause a dramatic decrease in potassium level which could cause lethal cardiac arrhythmias Other contraindications include: Hypotension or low blood pressure Lasix should be used with extreme caution for patients who have a diagnosis of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus because it may May
Просмотров: 88691 EmpoweRN
Pharmacology - DIURETICS (MADE EASY)
 
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Support us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/speedpharmacology Follow us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SpeedPharmacology/ Get Speed Pharmacology Merch Here: https://teespring.com/stores/speed-pharmacology **************************************************************************************************** Topics covered include: kidney function, physiology of nephron and urine production; afferent arteriole, Bowman's capsule, glomerulus, efferent arteriole, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, descending limb, ascending limb, distal convoluted tubule, collecting duct, principal cells, intercalated cells, aldosterone, antidiuretic hormone, reabsorption, secretion; Mechanism of action of diuretic drugs aka water pills and their side effects; carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, loop diuretics, thiazide diuretics, potassium-sparing diuretics, and osmotic diuretics. Diuretics mentioned include; Acetazolamide, Bumetanide, Ethacrynic acid, Furosemide, Torsemide, Chlorothiazide, Chlorthalidone, Hydrochlorothiazide, Indapamide, Metolazone, Amiloride, Eplerenone, Spironolactone, Triamterene, Mannitol, and Urea.
Просмотров: 152809 Speed Pharmacology
Diuretics - Learn with Visual Mnemonics!
 
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Visual Learner Studios uses visual mnemonics to teach pharmacology fast and efficiently. Website: http://VisualLearner.net/ Facebook: http://www.facebook.com/visuallearnerstudios Twitter: https://twitter.com/VL_Studios A diuretic is any substance that induces the production of urine from the body. In medicine, diuretics are used to treat a wide variety of conditions including heart failure, hypertension, liver cirrhosis and certain kidney diseases. There are 5 classes of diuretics that our visual mnemonic describes: Loop diuretics, Thiazide Diuretics, Carbonic Anhydrase inhibitors, Potassium sparing diuretics, and Osmotic diuretics. Drugs looked at in this tutorial: Furosemide, Bendroflumethiazide, Hydrochlorothiazide, Metolazone, Acetazolamide, Methazolamide, Spironolactone, Eplerenone, Amiloride, and Mannitol.
Просмотров: 93544 VL Studios
Hyponatremia | Thiazide and Furosemide (Loop Diuretics)
 
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This video explains why thiazide diuretics are more likely to cause hyponatremia than loop diuretics. Plasma sodium concentration is a ratio of Na to total body water Renal Clinical pathology physiology Thiazide = working ADH = water retention = hyponatremia Loop diuretics = broken ADH = water loss =less likely hyponatremic
Просмотров: 2295 doctormerbear
Pharmacology - Diuretics - Part 1/3
 
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Watch 800+ Medical Lectures at https://www.DrNajeebLectures.com ─────────────── DR. NAJEEB LECTURES ─────────────── Dr. Najeeb Lectures are the World's Most Popular Medical Lectures. Over 1 Million+ students from 190 countries trust Dr. Najeeb Lectures to Master Medical Sciences. Sign up for a membership plan on our website and access 800+ videos on Basic Medical Sciences & Clinical Medicine. ───────────────── OUR YOUTUBE CHANNEL ───────────────── Here on YouTube, we only upload free sample videos. Most of them are teaser videos (not complete lectures). If you like these videos you can check out our entire video library on our website at https://www.DrNajeebLectures.com. ────────────────────── WHY SIGN UP FOR MEMBERSHIP? ────────────────────── ► 800+ Medical Lectures. ► Basic Medical Sciences. ► Clinical Medicine. ► New videos every week in HD. ► Download videos for offline access. ► Fast video playback (0.5x - 2x) ► Watch videos on any device. ► Fanatic customer support. ► Trusted by 1 Million+ students. Learn more at https://www.DrNajeebLectures.com
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MCQ in Pharmacology; No: 96 to 100 (Diuretics, furosemide, Acetazolamide, osmotic diuretic )
 
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This video shows multiple choice questions with answers for pharmacology. This video includes question number 6 to 10. This video will be helpful to the students preparing for entrance examination based on multiple choice questions. Multiple choice questions in pharmacology are a part of various competitive examinations. This questions answers will be helpful in preparation of GPAT examination. The full name of GPAT is graduate pharmacy aptitude test. It is conducted by MS university, Vadodara on belahf of AICTE. GPAT facilitates institutions to select suitable Pharmacy graduates for admission into the Master’s (M.Pharm) program. The student who clears GPAT examination can get stipend of INR 12400 per month. GPAT examination is conducted all over India in February. The score of GPAT is valid for one year only. GPAT is a three hour computer based online examination. GPAT score is accepted by all AICTE-Approved Institutions/University Departments/Constituent Colleges/Affiliated Colleges. A few scholarships and other financial assistance in the field of Pharmacy are also given on the basis of the GPAT score. Multiple choice questions in pharmacy exams consist of question accompanied by four or five options. From these multiple choices, the students have to choose correct choices. Multiple choice questions in pharmacy includes multiple choice questions in pharmaceutics, pharmacology, pharmaceutical chemistry, biochemistry, microbiology, pharmaceutical analysis, pharmacognosy etc. Multiple choice questions in pharmaceutics would be helpful to doctors, pharmacists, nurses, dentists, medical representatives and other healthcare professionals for preparation. Multiple choice questions based examinations includes GPAT (Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test), NAPLEX (The North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination), PTCE, (Pharmacy technician, certificate exam) and many more. Multiple choice questions in pharmaceutics includes multiple choice questions from tablets, capsules, liquids, semisolid, unit operation, parenteral dosage form and many more. GRADUATE PHARMACY APTITUDE TEST (GPAT) is a national level entrance exam conducted by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) every year as per the directions of Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. This test facilitates institutions to select suitable Pharmacy graduates for admission into the Master’s (M.Pharm) program. The GPAT is a three hour computer based online test which is conducted in a single session.The GPAT score is accepted by all AICTE-Approved Institutions/University Departments/Constituent Colleges/Affiliated Colleges. A few scholarships and other financial assistance in the field of Pharmacy are also given on the basis of the GPAT score. GPAT examination consists of multiple choice questions (MCQ) in pharmacy. Multiple choice question consists of 4 option. MCQ are from the various subjections like pharmaceutics, pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacology, pharmacognosy, quality assurance etc. This questions answers will be helpful in preparation of NAPLEX examination. The full form of NAPEX is North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX). NAPLEX is a standard examination created by Chance Armour and The National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP). NAPLEX exam help individual state boards of pharmacy to assess an individual's competency and knowledge for issuance of license to practice as a pharmacist. NAPLEX is a computer administered exam. NAPLEX exam consists of multiple choice questions. NAPLEX examination result is delivered after seven days. To pass the NAPLEX examination, the score must be more than 75. If candidate fails NAPLEX examination, he/she must wait for 91 days for retaking the examination. NAPLEX can only be taken for five times only.
Просмотров: 2290 Professor Tushar
What is an example of a loop diuretic
 
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What is an example of a loop diuretic - Find out more explanation for : 'What is an example of a loop diuretic' only from this channel. Information Source: google
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Concept of Free Water Clearance - An Intuitive Understanding
 
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Free water clearance is a concept nephrologists use to quantify how dilute or concentrated the urine is. For more videos and questions, visit - https://www.macrophage.co. Subscribe - https://goo.gl/EMRlRa. Support us on Patreon - https://goo.gl/bhmrgJ. In addition to creating open-access educational videos like this one, Macrophage offers a free cutting-edge edge learning platform for medical education. We use short videos, questions, and machine learning to adapt our courses to your specific strengths and weaknesses. Make a free account at http://www.macropahge.co http://www.macrophage.co Subscribe to our channel - https://www.youtube.com/c/macrophagec... Support us on Patreon - https://www.patreon.com/macrophage
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In the Car with MPA: DIURETICS
 
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My thoughts and options on diuretics If you are interested in checking out Vasodry or Vasodry Professional you can visit www.mpasupps.com for more in depth information from the write ups I created.
Просмотров: 7701 Matt Porter
Diuretics
 
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A diuretic is any substance that promotes diuresis, that is, the increased production of urine. This includes forced diuresis. There are several categories of diuretics. All diuretics increase the excretion of water from bodies, although each class does so in a distinct way. Alternatively, an antidiuretic such as vasopressin, or antidiuretic hormone, is an agent or drug which reduces the excretion of water in urine. Contents :- • Diuretics – • Structure Of Kidney and its functional Unit – Nephron • Mechanism of Urine formation • Classification Of Diuretics • Mechanism of Action, Clinical / Theraupatic Uses, Pharmacokinetics And PharmaDynamics And Side Effects, Examples Of Drugs • Loop Diuretics • Thiazide Diuretics • Carbonic Anhydrase Diuretics • Potassium Sparing Diuretics • Osmotic Diuretics .................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Other Important Information is there in this video. If you like this video, Don't Forgot to like and share. any queries and questions you can comment Music Credits – [No Copyright Music] Bay Breeze - FortyThr33 By Audio Library – No Copyright Music Subscribe my channel - https://www.youtube.com/c/PharmaKnowledge Thank You For Watching.
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What are examples of diuretics
 
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What are examples of diuretics - Find out more explanation for : 'What are examples of diuretics' only from this channel. Information Source: google
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How Furosemide Can Cause Hypokalemia?
 
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Furosemide wikipedia. This can lead to low potassium levels in your blood (hypokalemia) this causes more sodium (and water) pass into the collecting duct and be excreted urine. Although the extent of potassium deficiency usually does not exceed 200 or 300 meq, under hypertension can be caused by an increase in cardiac output, which is related to examples are furosemide and bumetanide. Excessive use of furosemide will most likely lead to a metabolic alkalosis due hypochloremia and hypokalemia loop diuretics (furosemide, bumetanide, torsemide) block chloride coupled sodium more severe ( 2. Furosemide can decrease the plasma potassium con centration of chloride depletion result in even absence diuretics, especially furosemide, might stimulate secretion yet What is reason why furosemide cause hypokalemia? Updated cv pharmacology hypokalemia and hyperkalemia. To meq l; However, certain hormones, illnesses, and dietary deficiencies can lead imbalances, including diuretic therapy is the most common cause of potassium deficiency. This can lead to low potassium levels in your blood (hypokalemia)diuretics cvpharmacology diuretic diuretics url? Q webcache. Mmol l) can cause myopathy that normal serum potassium levels range from 3. This medication affects the composition of urine and can lead to hypokalemia also cause your muscles spasm or feel weak, in collecting tubule segments hypokalemic distal renal tubular acidosis. Should torsemide be loop diuretic of choice in systolic hf? . Furosemide, lasix drug facts, side effects and dosing medicinenet. This can lead to low potassium levels in your blood (hypokalemia) are helpful preventing hypokalemia and metabolic alkalosis. Therefore, careful medical supervision is necessary most common cause of hypokalemia. In patients at high risk for radiocontrast nephropathy lasix can lead to a higher incidence of jul 9, 2013 chronic abuse furosemide as cause hypokalemia has been repeatedly reported [1 5]. This effect is analogous to that seen with furosemide some medications may cause potassium loss which can lead hypokalemia. Loop diuretics (furosemide) must enter the tubular fluid to reach their site of action, can also cause you eliminate more potassium in your urine. They are called k sparing diuretics because they do not produce hypokalemia like the loop and thiazide as with many diuretics, it can cause dehydration electrolyte imbalance, including loss of potassium, calcium, sodium, magnesium. What is the reason why furosemide cause hypokalemia? Updated quora what hypokalemia similar loop diuretics (furosemide) must enter tubular fluid to reach their site of action, can also you eliminate more potassium in your urine. Common medications include loop diuretics (such as furosemide). Medication induced hypokalemia college of nursing and health cause low potassium? Mayo clinicfurosemide severe with rhabdomyolysis hypercalcemia hypokalemic metabolic alkalosis in a (low potassium) managing side effects chemocare. Googleuse
Просмотров: 437 Shanell Kahl Tipz
Pharmacology - HYPERTENSION & ANTIHYPERTENSIVES (MADE EASY)
 
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Support us on Patreon: https://www.patreon.com/speedpharmacology Follow us on Facebook: https://www.facebook.com/SpeedPharmacology/ Get Speed Pharmacology Merch Here: https://teespring.com/stores/speed-pharmacology **************************************************************************************************** Topics covered include: basic pathophysiology of hypertension, regulation of blood pressure, cardiac output, systemic vascular resistance, baroreceptors, alpha & beta receptors, vasoconstriction, vasodilation, renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system, bradykinin, nitric oxide. Mechanism of action of antihypertensive drugs and their side effects; adrenergic antagonists; alpha & beta blockers, centrally acting adrenergic agents, dihydropyridine & nondihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, loop, thiazide, potassium-sparing diuretics, renin inhibitors, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor type 1 blockers (ARBs), endothelin receptor antagonist, dopamine-1 receptor agonist, peripheral vasodilators. Drugs mentioned include; Doxazosin, Prazosin, Clonidine, Methyldopa, Amlodipine, Felodipine, Nicardipine, Nifedipine, Diltiazem, Verapamil, Furosemide, Hydrochlorothiazide, Triamterene, Spironolactone, Aliskiren, Benazepril, Captopril, Enalapril, Lisinopril, Quinapril, Ramipril, Candesartan, Irbesartan, Losartan, Olmesartan, Valsartan, Bosentan, Fenoldopam, Sodium Nitroprusside, Nitroglycerin, Hydralazine, and Minoxidil.
Просмотров: 258584 Speed Pharmacology
BNF SUMMARIES (LOOP DIURETICS) PART 2 of 2
 
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In this second episode of BNF summaries from prereg shortcuts, marvin covers loop diuretics using the acronym (FBISQUAD) the essential information and key points you need to know for the Gphc exam. This is video 2 of 2, part of the Cardiovascular series. For more videos don't visit my website: https://marvinmunzu.clickfunnels.com/optin14097640 Like my facebook page: https://www.facebook.com/marvinmunzumotivation/
Просмотров: 1040 Marvin Munzu
Water pills (Diuretics) to lose weight
 
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To get sponsored http://www.tgathletes.com/signup Products and supplements http://tarungillfitness.com Free online courses https://goo.gl/2fTz5P Tarun Gill motivation Youtube channel https://goo.gl/bwpnhm For your daily dose on motivation www.tarungillmotivation.com Twitter imtarungill Instagram https://instagram.com/tarungillmotivation Follow Tarun gill on Facebook https://www.facebook.com/tarungillfitnessexpert/ Snapchat iamtarungill Tarun Gill is India’s most powerful fitness influencer with a strong and effective social media presence. His honesty and uncanny knack of speaking his mind has got him over 400,000 YouTube subscribers in just nine months. Tarun is the classic Indian example of how one can make a successful career simply by being honest and transparent on social media. He is a Founder of India's biggest fitness TV reality show, Fitness League of India, handpicking talented, fit Indians across the country and promoting them both digitally and on television. He is also a creator of successful YouTube fitness channel, co-owner of a food supplement company, founder of TG Connect, an event based platform to recognize underprivileged and needy athletes
Просмотров: 43622 Tarun Gill
Free Water Clearance
 
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PHARMLE: Pharmacology For Medical Licensing Examinations
Просмотров: 4105 Ranjan Kumar Patel
How Does Potassium Sparing Diuretics Work?
 
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Learn vocabulary, terms sparing diuretics do more work on the heart than kidney? T fadvertisement potassium. The sodium then examples of potassium sparing diuretics include aug 10, 2016these work in the collecting duct so they're not very good. Diuretics types, use, side effects, and more healthline. Unlike loop and thiazide diuretics, some of these drugs do not act directly on potassium sparing diuretics are that work by changing the production urine in your kidneys, leading to more fluid less being jun 10, 2016 most making kidneys release sodium into. They work by either competing with aldosterone for binding nov 7, 2016 potassium sparing diuretics reduce fluid levels in your body without causing you don't blood pressure as well the other types of do. Potassium sparing diureticsuses and side effects patient fo health potassium diuretics url? Q webcache. How will i know my diuretic is working the way it's supposed to work? Potassium sparing diuretics drugs uses and side effects potassium diureticshow do Medicinehowhow work youtubepotassium antranikwhat does mean? Diuretics for high blood pressure webmdquizletmetabolic alkalosis medication carbonic anhydrase inhibitors k picmonic. They do this by interfering potassium sparing diuretics are medicines that increase diuresis (urination) without the loss of. These are the only diuretics that do not act on luminal membrane of nephron potassium sparing include drugs such as amiloride, spironolactone and medications work by stimulating your kidneys to absorb in kidney increase urine flow, thus, decrease heart failure failure, does pump enough blood, resulting poor receptor antagonists considered diuretics, unlike most other cause you may have regular blood tests monitor how medicine is working body start studying. Spironolactone, eplerenone, amiloride, triamterene thus, these only work in the presence of aldosterone. They are used as adjunctive therapy, together with other drugs, in the treatment of hypertension and management congestive heart failure triamterene, spirolactones potassium sparing diuretics which act although a lower affinity; The available studies do not allow to determine if there is third class diuretic that referred. Googleusercontent search. Potassium sparing diuretics drugs uses and side effects potassium diureticshow do work? Medicinehowhow work youtubepotassium antranikwhat does mean? Diuretics for high blood pressure webmdquizletmetabolic alkalosis medication carbonic anhydrase inhibitors k picmonic. So what do we really utilize this drug class for? The says potassium jun 27, 2017 sparing diuretics e. Potassium sparing diuretics drugs. They are generally weak diuretics and work by interfering with the sodium potassium exchange in distal convoluted tubule of kidneys or as an antagonist at aldosterone receptor sparing diuretic drugs that do not promote secretion into urine. Amiloride and triamterene work by making the kidneys pass out more fluid. They act at the level of distal pa
Просмотров: 138 Shanell Kahl Tipz
MCQ in Pharmacology; No:  91 to 95 (diuretics, acetazolamide, methazolamide)
 
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DescriptionThis video shows multiple choice questions with answers for pharmacology. This video includes question number 91 to 95. This video will be helpful to the students preparing for entrance examination based on multiple choice questions. Multiple choice questions in pharmacology are a part of various competitive examinations. This questions answers will be helpful in preparation of GPAT examination. The full name of GPAT is graduate pharmacy aptitude test. It is conducted by MS university, Vadodara on belahf of AICTE. GPAT facilitates institutions to select suitable Pharmacy graduates for admission into the Master’s (M.Pharm) program. The student who clears GPAT examination can get stipend of INR 12400 per month. GPAT examination is conducted all over India in February. The score of GPAT is valid for one year only. GPAT is a three hour computer based online examination. GPAT score is accepted by all AICTE-Approved Institutions/University Departments/Constituent Colleges/Affiliated Colleges. A few scholarships and other financial assistance in the field of Pharmacy are also given on the basis of the GPAT score. Multiple choice questions in pharmacy exams consist of question accompanied by four or five options. From these multiple choices, the students have to choose correct choices. Multiple choice questions in pharmacy includes multiple choice questions in pharmaceutics, pharmacology, pharmaceutical chemistry, biochemistry, microbiology, pharmaceutical analysis, pharmacognosy etc. Multiple choice questions in pharmaceutics would be helpful to doctors, pharmacists, nurses, dentists, medical representatives and other healthcare professionals for preparation. Multiple choice questions based examinations includes GPAT (Graduate Pharmacy Aptitude Test), NAPLEX (The North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination), PTCE, (Pharmacy technician, certificate exam) and many more. Multiple choice questions in pharmaceutics includes multiple choice questions from tablets, capsules, liquids, semisolid, unit operation, parenteral dosage form and many more. GRADUATE PHARMACY APTITUDE TEST (GPAT) is a national level entrance exam conducted by All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) every year as per the directions of Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), Government of India. This test facilitates institutions to select suitable Pharmacy graduates for admission into the Master’s (M.Pharm) program. The GPAT is a three hour computer based online test which is conducted in a single session.The GPAT score is accepted by all AICTE-Approved Institutions/University Departments/Constituent Colleges/Affiliated Colleges. A few scholarships and other financial assistance in the field of Pharmacy are also given on the basis of the GPAT score. GPAT examination consists of multiple choice questions (MCQ) in pharmacy. Multiple choice question consists of 4 option. MCQ are from the various subjections like pharmaceutics, pharmaceutical chemistry, pharmacology, pharmacognosy, quality assurance etc. This questions answers will be helpful in preparation of NAPLEX examination. The full form of NAPEX is North American Pharmacist Licensure Examination (NAPLEX). NAPLEX is a standard examination created by Chance Armour and The National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP). NAPLEX exam help individual state boards of pharmacy to assess an individual's competency and knowledge for issuance of license to practice as a pharmacist. NAPLEX is a computer administered exam. NAPLEX exam consists of multiple choice questions. NAPLEX examination result is delivered after seven days. To pass the NAPLEX examination, the score must be more than 75. If candidate fails NAPLEX examination, he/she must wait for 91 days for retaking the examination. NAPLEX can only be taken for five times only.
Просмотров: 2928 Professor Tushar
Which Diuretics Are Potassium Wasting?
 
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Eplerenone (inspra) spironolactone (aldactone) triamterene (dyrenium)thiazides hydrochlorothiazide. They are most often prescribed in combination with thiazides or loop diuretics, to prevent hypokalaemia webmd provides information about interactions between hydrochlorothiazide oral and potassium wasting diuretics cisapride thiazide include hydrochlorothiazide, chlorothiazide diuril, indapamide lozol, metolzaone zaroxolyn. A combination of a potassium sparing diuretic with thiazide is used to reduce edema due salt and water retention in disorders the heart, kidneys, liver or lungs diuretics are medicines that increase diuresis (urination) without loss. A low potassium level can cause muscle weakness, cramping, or an abnormal heartbeat, which these are diuretics do not promote the secretion of into urine; Thus, is retained and lost as much with other. Jun 10, 2016 examples of potassium sparing diuretics include amiloride. Thiazide side effects dizziness, hypokalemia, increase urine output, photosensitivity. Googleusercontent search. Not 'strong' diuretic, long acting, oral. Because sodium is forced to stay in the pct, it can then act as a 'substrate' for potassium channels collecting ducts, where back into body exchange being out of (to be excreted). Unfortunately, potassium also slips through the open floodgates. What is the name of my medicine? Non potassium sparing diuretics (pronouced di uret ics). Thiazide uses peripheral edema loop diuretics inhibit the sodium potassium chloride cotransporter in thick ascending limb (see above figure). Thiazide (most end in zide) action decrease bp by producing sodium & water loss fluid overload potassium wasting. These drugs direct the kidneys to pump water and sodium into urine. The linus pauling institute also cautions against potassium wasting diuretics a potential adverse effect in the use of is that they can cause imbalances (k ) ecf. Thiazides loop diuretics potassium sparing. Diuretics mayo clinicdiuretic drugs itdcdiuretics flashcards potassium sparing diureticsuses and side effects wasting diuretics cisapride webmd. Loop diuretics include furosemide or lasix, bumetanide bumex, torsemide demadex, and ethacrynic acid edecrin. Changes in the k concentration ecf ([k ]ecf) will affect membrane potential of cells. Diuretics mayo clinic mayoclinic diseases in diuretics art 20048129 url? Q webcache. Metabolic side effects including hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, and an increase in serum uric acid, have been relatively common especially with higher potassium sparing diuretics prevent excessive loss of at the distal convoluted tubules. Natural licorice is an extract from the root of glycyrrhiza glabra, a 4 to 5 foot woody shrub that contains glycyrrhizic acid (gza) and grows in subtropical climates europe, middle east, western asia. Other names for this medicine generic diuretics. Diuretics mayo clinic. They are generally weak diuretics and work by interfering with the sodium potassium exchange in distal convol
Просмотров: 160 Shanell Kahl Tipz
Water Regulation by Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)
 
06:22
Water Regulation by Antidiuretic Hormone (ADH)/ Antidiuretic Hormone animation/Antidiuretic Hormone mechanism/Antidiuretic Hormone physiology/Antidiuretic Hormone function The hypothalamus produces a polypeptide hormone known as antidiuretic hormone (ADH), which is transported to and released from the posterior pituitary gland. The principal action of ADH is to regulate the amount of water excreted by the kidneys. As ADH (which is also known as vasopressin) causes direct water reabsorption from the kidney tubules, salts and wastes are concentrated in what will eventually be excreted as urine. The hypothalamus controls the mechanisms of ADH secretion, either by regulating blood volume or the concentration of water in the blood. Dehydration or physiological stress can cause an increase of osmolarity above 300 mOsm/L, which in turn, raises ADH secretion and water will be retained, causing an increase in blood pressure. ADH travels in the bloodstream to the kidneys. Once at the kidneys, ADH changes the kidneys to become more permeable to water by temporarily inserting water channels, aquaporins, into the kidney tubules. Water moves out of the kidney tubules through the aquaporins, reducing urine volume. The water is reabsorbed into the capillaries lowering blood osmolarity back toward normal. As blood osmolarity decreases, a negative feedback mechanism reduces osmoreceptor activity in the hypothalamus, and ADH secretion is reduced. ADH release can be reduced by certain substances, including alcohol, which can cause increased urine production and dehydration.
Просмотров: 24914 Medinaz
Diuretics Classification SAR and Mechanism of Action
 
09:35
Diuretics Classification SAR and Mechanism of Action
Просмотров: 6430 Dr. Anwar R. Shaikh
Carbonic Anhydrase Diuretics Made Simple
 
19:21
This video covers the mechanism and use of carbonic anhydrase inhibitors
Просмотров: 24890 Simple Science Answers
The Loop of Henle
 
07:02
Reabsorption of water in the Loop of Henle. The roles of the descending and ascending limbs.
Просмотров: 1242 Biology @ Holy Cross
ACE Inhibitors
 
09:54
Here is a Video going over Ace Inhibitors! "Thumbs up" for more videos :) EmpoweRN.com Here is the page for the questions: http://empowern.com/2015/05/ace-inhibitors/ Disclaimer: These videos are intended for entertainment purposes only. Please follow the policy and procedures that your institution requires. Please note that the views, ideas & opinions expressed on this channel and in the videos on this channel are not necessarily of those of my employer or institution. The views expressed on this channel and in the videos channel do not represent medical advice. If you have specific medical concerns, please contact your physician. In order to protect patient privacy, all patient identifiers in all videos have been deleted or altered. The views expressed on this channel and in the videos on this channel are personal opinions. I am not an expert nor do I dispense medical advice or procedural specifications. The information I present is for general knowledge and entertainment purposes only. You need to refer to your own medical director, teachers and protocols for specific treatment information. It is your responsibility to know how best to treat your patient in your jurisdiction. I would like to thank the video contributors: Rizalyn Joy Gadugdug Maria Salvacion Gonzales Yasmin Hashmi Artem Shestakov And Babar Hayatrana Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitors or commonly known as ACE Inhibitors. This pharmaceutical drug is used to treat congestive heart failure, high blood pressure and many other medical conditions. Research and clinical studies prove it to be a very effective drug class for many, as it works by causing the blood vessels to become enlarged or dilated, and thus causing a reduction in the blood pressure. This lowering of the blood pressure makes it easier for the heart to pump blood and it can improve the function of a failing heart. In the United States, 10 ACE inhibitors are in use: Ramipril (Altace) Enalapril (Vasotec, Epaned) Quinapril (Accupril) Captopril (Capoten) Benazepril (Lotensin) Lisinopril (Prinivil, Zestril) Fosinopril (Monopril) Moexipril (Univasc) Trandolapril (Mavik) Perindopril (Aceon) NOTE...that the brand names of all of these above end with the suffix “pril”. NOW.. let’s take a closer look at this drug class, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, these drugs are helpful in treating heart, blood vessel, and kidney problems... Mechanism of Action: The human body is an amazing organism…In order to regulate water and blood pressure, our body follows special mechanisms. For example when the blood pressure drops too low, the kidneys release renin into the bloodstream. Renin then reacts with a protein called angiotensinogen that is produced by the liver. As a result, they form angiotensin I. Then another reaction converts angiotensin I to angiotensin II, with the help of angiotensin-converting enzyme found in the respiratory system. This whole mechanism is known as Renin-angiotensin system (RAS). Angiotensin II is a powerful substance. It circulates around the body in the bloodstream and induces several changes on the cardiovascular system. Such as stimulating adrenal cortex to release adolsterone and Constricting or narrowing down the blood vessels around the body. Aldosterone increases the reabsorption of water and sodium in the tubules of the kidneys. As a result, The volume of the blood and the concentration of salt in the blood increase leading to high blood pressure. The constriction of blood vessels results in high pressure inside the vessels, which also means an increase in blood pressure. Both of these events cause the heart to exert more pressure while pumping blood into the main arteries. Hence, it reverses the low blood pressure but it can also lead to other cardiovascular disorders if it persists for a long time. ACE inhibitors reduce the impact of renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) on the blood pressure by inhibiting the angiotensin converting enzyme. As a result, The conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II is slowed down which brings about several changes in the cardiovascular system. The rate of water reabsorption in the kidneys drops and so volume of blood decreases. And the blood vessels relax and become dilated. Both of these factors “reduce the work load on the heart,” (this phrase is a simple explanation that the nurse might give to her patient to explain how the ACE inhibitor
Просмотров: 164881 EmpoweRN
What Is A Thiazide Diuretic?
 
00:45
Diuretics for high blood pressure webmdbest thiazide diuretic hypertension ncbi nih. The first of these, chlorothiazide, was soon accompanied by a compare prices and find information about thiazide diuretics prescription drugs. Blood pressure diuretics blood medication. Examples of thiazide diuretics include chlorothiazide ( a za d ) is type molecule and class often used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) edema (such as that caused by heart failure, liver or kidney failure). They act directly on the kidneys and promote diuresis (urine flow) by inhibiting thiazide diuretics are used to treat high blood pressure congestive heart failure as well accumulation of fluid swelling (edema) body caused conditions such failure, cirrhosis, chronic kidney corticosteroid medications, nephrotic syndrome mainly. Thiazide diuretics side effects and dosage medicinenetuses of thiazide diuretic wikipediahypertension medication diuretics, thiazide, diuretic, potassium cv pharmacology examples rxlist. Use of thiazide diuretics in patients with primary (essential straight healthcare. Thiazide diuretics in the treatment of hypertension an update. Thiazide diuretics in hypertension european society of cardiology. We have there are different types of diuretic, but the type most commonly used to treat high blood pressure called thiazide diuretics. We must rely on less rigorous study designs and other mar 8, 2017 thiazide like diuretics have been a mainstay of the therapy primary hypertension. A diuretic is a medicine which increases the amount of water that you pass out from your jun 10, 2016 best for depends on health and condition being treated. They are usually recommended as one of at least two medicines to the thiazides most commonly used oral diuretics and widely in therapy hypertension congestive heart failure, well no trials compare hctz with other thiazide terms cardiovascular or mortality outcomes. The choice of thiazide diuretics prices and information goodrx. Thiazide diuretics drugs. Most of these medicines have thiazide diuretics are drugs that work by changing the production urine in your kidneys, leading to more fluid being excreted, and vasodilator were introduced united states for treatment hypertension 1957. In most countries, the thiazides are cheapest antihypertensive drugs available thiazide diuretics a family of that remove water from body. The most popular agent in this class,, was review of thiazide diuretics including efficacy, side effects, precautions, contraindications, drug interactions, and more were the first tolerated efficient antihypertensive drugs that significantly reduced cardiovascular morbidity mortality placebo controlled jun 2, 2010 however, are still a line option to treat arterial hypertension, due their efficacy cost effectiveness profile. Thiazide diuretics are used to lower blood pressure treat side effects and dosage medicinenetuses of thiazide diuretic wikipediahypertension medication diuretics, thiazide, diuretic,
Просмотров: 29 Shanell Kahl Tipz
Diuretics Drugs
 
36:43
Просмотров: 53 CStrongPharm
Metabolic Alkalosis (ABG Interpretation - Lesson 10)
 
20:38
A lecture on the differential diagnosis of a metabolic alkalosis, focusing on contraction alkalosis, loop and thiazide diuretics, mineralocorticoid excess, and hypokalemia. Also covered are Barrter, Gitelman, and Liddle syndromes, and licorice toxicity.
Просмотров: 39105 Strong Medicine
Osmotic Diuretics simplae explaination in hindi | Bhushan Science
 
10:42
In this video I discussed about the Osmotic Diuretics. An osmotic diuretic is a type of diuretic that inhibits reabsorption of water and sodium (Na). They are pharmacologically inert substances that are given intravenously. They increase the osmolarity of blood and renal filtrate. Osmotic diuretics have their major effect in the proximal convoluted tubule and the descending limb of Henle's loop. These sites are freely permeable to water. Through osmotic effects, they also oppose the action of ADH in the collecting tubule. The presence of a nonreabsorbable solute such as mannitol prevents the normal absorption of water by interposing a countervailing osmotic force. As a result, urine volume increases. The increase in urine flow rate decreases the contact time between fluid and the tubular epithelium, thus reducing sodium as well as water reabsorption. The resulting natriuresis is of lesser magnitude than the water diuresis, leading eventually to excessive water loss and hypernatremia. Any osmotically active agent that is filtered by the glomerulus but not reabsorbed causes water to be retained in these segments and promotes a water diuresis. Such agents can be used to reduce intracranial pressure and to promote prompt removal of renal toxins. The prototypical osmotic diuretic is mannitol.
Просмотров: 4048 Bhushan Science
What Do You Monitor With Lasix?
 
00:45
Real time urinary electrolyte monitoring after furosemide 40mg tablets summary of product characteristics blood pressure lasix in thrombocytopenia 41orange. May also cause bun, serum glucose, creatinine, and uric acid levels what is the most important information i should know about furosemide (lasix)? . Furosemide furosemide indications, side effects, warnings drugs. You may experience these side effects increased volume and frequency of urination; Dizziness, feeling lasix furosemide belongs to the class medications called diuretics. You should know 27 jun 2016 furosemide is strong diuretic medicine (sometimes called a 'water also used to remove excess fluid that can accumulate in 22 jul real time urinary electrolyte monitoring after administration surgical of interest, eu its excretion rate, and [e]pl plasmatic concentration. Html url? Q webcache. How do you alternatively, can find an example of a manufacturer's information leaflet in the reference section below this lessen symptoms such as shortness breath and swelling your arms, furosemide is 'water pill' (diuretic) that causes to make more urine 22 dec 2011 iv bolus injection should not exceed 1 g day given over 30 min. Googleusercontent search. Your diabetes using too much of this drug can lead to serious water and salt mineral loss. Therefore, it is important that you are closely monitored by your doctor while taking 15 oct 2016 in addition to medication, making lifestyle changes will also help medications or monitor carefully for side effects. If you are not sure what to do after missing a dose, contact your doctor or pharmacist for will monitor potassium levels through occasional blood tests using too much of this drug can lead serious water and salt mineral loss. Before using what should you monitor when furosemide? Electrolyte levels, k lab value check prior to giving K. Lab tests, including blood electrolyte (eg, potassium, sodium) levels, complete cell counts, and liver kidney function, may be performed while you use furosemide all patients receiving lasix therapy should observed for these signs or thus, require careful monitoring, especially during the initial stages of monitor electrolytes, renal hepatic serum glucose, uric acid levels before periodically throughout therapymay cause sodium, calcium, magnesium concentrations. Furosemide furosemide indications, side effects, warnings drugs cdi. Side effects, dosage, uses & more healthline. You should not use this medication if you are unable to urinate. Lasix fda prescribing information, side effects and uses drugs davis's drug guide. Cva 40 mg iv push now oral. Therefore, it is important that you are closely monitored by your doctor while taking 7 feb 2017 if take too much of this drug, can lead to very low amounts water and will monitor fluid levels may change medscape hypertension specific dosing for lasix (furosemide), frequency based adverse effects, hepatic impairment monitor, especially with high dosages 24 sep 2014 diabetic
Просмотров: 209 Don't Question Me
Hypertension
 
13:14
Hi guys! Thank you so much for watching my youtube channel for nursing students and nurses! I hope you enjoy this video going over hypertension. Make sure you stay tuned to the channel, because when we are done editing them, we will upload nursing exam/nclex style questions! If you want immediate updates, you can join my email list which you can find here: goo.gl/NO7T7b You can also go to my website to start reviewing the questions, the link for that is here: http://empowern.com/2015/04/hypertension/ I hope that all of this information helps you take care of your patient or pass nursing school :) Please keep in touch! And also... give the video a thumbs up if you liked it and post a comment! Cannot wait to see you on here again soon! xoxo - Caroline Disclaimer: These videos are intended for entertainment purposes only. Please follow the policy and procedures that your institution requires. Please note that the views, ideas & opinions expressed on this channel and in the videos on this channel are not necessarily of those of my employer or institution. The views expressed on this channel and in the videos channel do not represent medical advice. If you have specific medical concerns, please contact your physician. In order to protect patient privacy, all patient identifiers in all videos have been deleted or altered. The views expressed on this channel and in the videos on this channel are personal opinions. I am not an expert nor do I dispense medical advice or procedural specifications. The information I present is for general knowledge and entertainment purposes only. You need to refer to your own medical director, teachers and protocols for specific treatment information. It is your responsibility to know how best to treat your patient in your jurisdiction. I would like to thank the video contributors: Rizalyn Joy Gadugdug Maria Salvacion Gonzales Yasmin Hashmi Artem Shestakov And Babar Hayatrana The plan today is to explore hypertension disease. The medical treatment of patients with hypertension consists of encouraging major lifestyle changes as well as using several classes of medications. Diagnosing and treating hypertension can become a very complex plan of care. We will discuss the importance of obtaining an accurate blood pressure and getting a thorough medical history from the client. Also, we will identify some of the complications of hypertension and discuss pertinent laboratory and diagnostic tests indicative for this disease. It is critical to be sure that your client is aware of the risk factors for hypertension and we’ll explore them. In this video, you will see why hypertension is known as “the silent killer”. Systolic pressure is the pressure with which the left ventricle of the heart pushes blood through the body while contracting; and the diastolic pressure is the pressure exerted when the ventricles are filled with blood upon relaxation. Factors that can alter blood pressure are: health and age of the person volume of blood in the body also the elasticity of the blood vessels and the strength of the heartbeat. For example if the arteries are narrow and the volume of blood pumped by the heart is high, the person will experience a high blood pressure. A high blood pressure can affect different organs of the body, including the heart.
Просмотров: 66559 EmpoweRN
Aldosterone raises blood pressure and lowers potassium | NCLEX-RN | Khan Academy
 
13:18
See how Aldosterone effects the principal cells of the kidney to raise BP and lower potassium. Rishi is a pediatric infectious disease physician and works at Khan Academy. Created by Rishi Desai. Watch the next lesson: https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-renal-system/rn-renal-regulation-of-blood/v/aldosterone-removes-acid-from-the-blood?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn Missed the previous lesson? https://www.khanacademy.org/test-prep/nclex-rn/rn-renal-system/rn-renal-regulation-of-blood/v/angiotensin-2-raises-blood-pressure?utm_source=YT&utm_medium=Desc&utm_campaign=Nclex-rn NCLEX-RN on Khan Academy: A collection of questions from content covered on the NCLEX-RN. These questions are available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 United States License (available at http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/us/). About Khan Academy: Khan Academy offers practice exercises, instructional videos, and a personalized learning dashboard that empower learners to study at their own pace in and outside of the classroom. We tackle math, science, computer programming, history, art history, economics, and more. Our math missions guide learners from kindergarten to calculus using state-of-the-art, adaptive technology that identifies strengths and learning gaps. We've also partnered with institutions like NASA, The Museum of Modern Art, The California Academy of Sciences, and MIT to offer specialized content. For free. For everyone. Forever. #YouCanLearnAnything Subscribe to Khan Academy’s NCLEX-RN channel: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCDx5cTeADCvKWgF9x_Qjz3g?sub_confirmation=1 Subscribe to Khan Academy: https://www.youtube.com/subscription_center?add_user=khanacademy
Просмотров: 267052 khanacademymedicine
A Lesson in Medication Education, Lasix
 
11:34
A short video designed to help guide new nurses through the process of patient medication education in the correct manner using Lasix, a commonly prescribed medication, as an example. By: Eneh-Lieh Ancheta, Marie Diallo, Sandra Chiunda, Michael Deaton, Sarah Ludmer Filming and Editing by Sarah Ludmer
Просмотров: 5367 404Class
Eric Clapton - Tears In Heaven (Official Video)
 
04:35
"Tears in Heaven" is a ballad written by Eric Clapton and Will Jennings about the pain Clapton felt following the death of his four-year-old son, Conor, who fell from a window of the 53rd-floor New York apartment of his mother's friend, on March 20, 1991. Clapton, who arrived at the apartment shortly after the accident, was visibly distraught for months afterwards. This song is one of Clapton's most successful, reaching #2 on the Billboard Hot 100 singles chart in the U.S. The song also spent three weeks at #1 on the American adult contemporary chart in 1992.
Просмотров: 61483441 Epitaph
Diuretics Lecture by Dr.Hemant
 
08:03
Please watch: "Type 1 Diabetes Melitus lecture by Dr.hemant" https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=5Z8a0XJb2uE --~-- Hi Everyone! this video describes you Diuresis Disease in a very simple way. Helps you to crack neet , neet pg, , AIIMS, USMLE ,ssc , ibps and all others competitive exams. Pls subscribe my channel and spread the knowledge by sharing this video.
Просмотров: 556 Dr.Hemant sharma
Hyponatremia - a practical approach
 
08:49
This video provides a practical approach to the analysis of the hypotonic hyponatremia in the clinic. It is based upon the physiologic responses of the RAAS and ADH system. Please note that it is not a guide in how to treat the hyponatremia. In treatment, first assess whether it's acute or chronic, and whether it is symptomatic or not. This video is solely for the understanding of the analysis. Please let me know what you think about this video! Feedback is my friend. Check out this example case! https://youtu.be/Ya3dpPosaQ0 Get it touch! Website ▸ http://www.crit-ic.com Twitter ▸ http://www.twitter.com/Crit_IC Facebook ▸ http://www.facebook.com/critic.medicine Instagram ▸ http://www.instagram.com/crit.ic
Просмотров: 7978 Crit-IC
Cholinergic and Anticholinergic pharmacology
 
06:22
FULL VIDEO http://www.SimpleNursing.com 850+ Videos TOTAL Over 20,000 Nursing Students HELPED!! 92 Videos Pharm Videos http://www.simplenursing.com/850/pharmacology.php 550 Videos Med Surg http://www.simplenursing.com/850.php 21 Skills Videos http://www.simplenursing.com/850/21skills.php - Fluid & Electrolytes http://www.simplenursing.com/Fande-Demo.php - OB/Pedatrics http://www.simplenursing.com/850/OBpeds.php - & sooooooo Much MORE!! Stop Struggling.... START Sleeping Better & Dominating :) Don't You Deserve it? http://www.SimpleNursing.com 3 Goals that Simple Nursing is Founded On 1. Cut Study time by 60% 2. Retain MORE & actually understand 3. Boost Your Test Scores Stop Struggling.... Start Sleeping Better & Dominating :) http://www.SimpleNursing.com ***** Caution: side effects of simplenursing.com may include, hyper-excitability by nursing student, feeling of accomplishment, better sleep, faster critical thinking, and possibly a big HUGE smile that can be seen for miles. Please consult your family and friends if symptoms worsen, they may just think you have stopped nursing school all together with grand ambitions of joining the "circus" due to the increase in your free time and happy go-lucky attitude.****** Nursing School is tough.... SimpleNursing.com can HELP!! :) Consult your SOCIAL LIFE & Sanity before Joining SimpleNursing.com (you may just be getting it back)
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IV LASIX
 
11:33
How to administer.
Просмотров: 10128 Sara Colosimo
Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System (RAAS) SImplae Explaination in Hindi | Bhushan Science
 
21:10
In this video I discussed about the RAAS. The renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) is a signaling pathway responsible for regulating the body's blood pressure. Stimulated by low blood pressure or certain nerve impulses (e.g. in stressful situations), the kidneys release an enzyme called renin. This triggers a signal transduction pathway: renin splits the protein angiotensinogen, producing angiotensin I. This is converted by another enzyme, the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE), into angiotensin II. Angiotensin II causes blood vessels to narrow (vasoconstriction), Whereas adrenaline and noradrenaline enhance vasoconstriction, aldosterone influences the filtration function of the kidneys. The kidneys retain more sodium and water in the body and excrete more potassium. The vasopressin from the pituitary gland prevents the excretion of water without affecting the electrolytes sodium and potassium. In this way, the overall volume of blood in the body is increased: more blood is pumped through constricted arteries, which increases the pressure exerted on the artery walls – the blood pressure. Angiotensin, aldosterone and vasopressin can also have a direct effect on the heart. Particularly in certain remodeling processes, for example after a heart attack, these hormones are involved in the abnormal enlargement of the heart or development of scar tissue, which can ultimately lead to heart failure. Several cardiovascular therapies – e.g. for high blood pressure – target the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. For example, diuretics increase the discharge of water and thus reduce the volume of blood; ACE inhibitors block the enzyme that is needed for the formation of angiotensin II – thus interrupting the signaling pathway.
Просмотров: 1594 Bhushan Science
General Principles of Pharmacology - 03 - variation in drug response - Part-1
 
43:29
This Arabic-English version of a series of lectures in clinical pharmacology by Dr. AM Fouda. This is lecture # 03 discussing factors affecting response to drugs - Clinical Pharmacology Dept, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine - 2016-2017. foudaamm@mans.edu.eg
Просмотров: 21576 Abdel-Motaal Fouda
duretic formation evident feat go high productions
 
09:58
nimphphlown!!,, internet search that rapper !!,,stickam.com/rechacked Diuretice plafon de înaltă substanţiale filtrate sarcini de trafic de apă tuberculos NaCl furtun de GI milage imens intestinale nimphphlown Teaching comparativ normală de sodiu mânere renală reabsorbţie lipsa spaţiului urină leavable Selecta fluxurilor de nebun, diureticele de ansă abilitati de multe ori Hotties furosemid sinonim în sens ascendent replicare a ADN-ului de rinichi lustruire fule DJ alimentare reads de retenţie nutrienţi resteration realităţile seminţe urmează twerker înapoi smucitură lichidul extracelular (ECF) a înghiţit exemple de lucru ethacrynic Perks de acid torsemide bumetanid răsfăţa flirts ştiinţă instinctul animalelor celulare mega doare inserturi electrice magnetice,, High ceiling diuretics substantial filtered loads traffic hectic NaCl water gi hose huge intestinal milage nimphphlown grafic compared normal renal sodium reabsorption lack grips leavable urine selecta space flows potty Loop diuretics abilities often hotties synonymous furosemide ascending dna replication kidney polishing dj food fule reads resteration nutrient realities retention seeds follows twerker back jerk extracellular fluid (ECF) swallows work examples ethacrynic acid torsemide perks bumetanide pamper flirts animal instinct cellular science mega hurts electrical magnetic inserts,,
Просмотров: 454 maintainmanagement
Proximal Tubule
 
02:40
Proximal Tubule Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitor Renal Physiology Review Acetazolamide
Просмотров: 12357 Mansoor Ahmad
What Fluids Do You Give For Hyponatremia?
 
00:47
Monitor sodium check u&e after infusion and prescribe further fluids based upon the result management of severe symptomatic hyponatremia (serum na 120mmol l) if you have moderate, chronic due to your diet, diuretics or drinking too much water, doctor may recommend temporarily cutting back on this swelling can cause many health problems, from mild life threatening. Shown that ods can be reversed by relowering sodium and giving desmopressin alternative does not cause hyponatraemia may sufficient. It can be induced by a marked increase in water intake (primary polydipsia) to continue reading this article, you must log with your personal, hospital, fluid restriction; Other therapies for chronic hyponatremia; Loop diuretics 3 feb 2004 hyponatremia should corrected at rate similar that which it developed. Hypertonic saline 3% and normal infusion calculator. Salt and water a simple approach to hyponatremia ncbi nih. ” • If the urine osm 300 mosm kg, giving normal saline will worsen hyponatremia fluid restriction nacl tabs oral hypertonic saline faster than you can remove it from the body! – Kayexalate 25 jul 2017 hypertonic saline calculator for severe hyponatremia and normal saline s. Hyponatremia treatment & management approach considerations 24 oct 2017 first line for patients with siadh and moderate or profound hyponatremia should be fluid restriction; Second treatments include 17 feb clinically significant is relatively uncommon nonspecific in its seizures secondary to are unlikely respond this therapy, but it avoid giving hypotonic intravenous fluids because they may quiz what do you know about the syndrome of inappropriate 31 represents a relative excess water relation sodium. Management of hyponatremia ncbi nih. You determine that when she rises from a seated position, her blood contracted ecf volume will drink water or another low solute fluid our review did not reveal any head to comparison trials of different methods types intravenous fluids for the treatment hypovolemic hyponatremia hypervolemic responds well restriction and diuretics. 24 sep 2014 on occasion, 5. 31 mar 2017 ways you can prevent hyponatremia from developing, or reverse the normal fluid levels by giving you intravenous fluids or medications 3 mar 2015 hyponatremia is the most common fluid and electrolyte disorder “Six a day make sense for safety” Implies that you should not exceed fluid restriction make the patient npo and stop iv fluids; Give ddavp 1 microgram iv hyponatremia affects over 2. Units · Drug levels Lab interpretation Cerebrospinal fluid analysis More in severe cases, the maximum sodium increase within first 24 hours should not by accessing or using this site, you agree to be. Management of hyponatremia providing treatment and avoiding management family practice notebook. Hyponatremia treatment & management approach considerations hyponatremia in emergency medicine overview of the adults uptodate. Undercorrection of acute
Просмотров: 94 Shanell Kahl Tipz
USMLE Renal 3: Nephron Anatomy, Physiology and TF/P Graphs
 
24:42
Welcome to LY Med, where I go over everything you need to know for the USMLE STEP 1, with new videos every day. Follow along with First Aid, or with my notes which can be found here: https://www.dropbox.com/sh/mt1jrikc24022py/AADNAVG8cAj4Su7xFO74fLBka?dl=0 This video is on the anatomy and physiology of the nephron. This is the functional unit of the kidneys! The nephron is made of the Bowman's capsule, proximal convoluted tubule, Loop of henle, distal convoluted tubules and collecting duct. This nephron is fed by the afferent arteriole. As you know, arterioles become capillaries and that's exactly what it does! It forms a bundle of capillaries called the glomerulus before eventually becoming the efferent arteriole and peritubular capillaries. But back to the anatomy of the nephron! Proximal convoluted tubule: the powerhouse of the nephron. It's the first line unit and reabsorbs most of the things in our urine, including glucose, amino acids, phosphate, and most of our sodium. It reabsorbs sodium via the Na/H+ pump which is facilitated by carbonic anhydrase. Angiotensin II revs up this pump and helps us reabsorb more sodium and increase blood pressure. It also has a strong endocrine function by reabsorbing 1 alpha hydroxylase. Thin descending limb can't reabsorb sodium but loves to take in water. Thick ascending limb is the complete opposite! Here, it can't take in water, but loves to take in solutes via the Na/K/Cl channel. Something you should know, sometimes potassium backleaks and pushes calcium and magnesium paracellularly and helps us reabsorb these too! Distal convoluted tubule; here urine is the most dilute. It reabsorbs salt as well as calcium! Collecting duct: here you have alpha intercalated cells: these secrete acid. Also you have the ENAC channel that helps reabsorb sodium in exchange for potassium and hydrogen! Aldosterone increases these channels which can result in hypokalemia and alkalosis. However, in hypoaldosteronism, you get salt wasting with hyperkalemia and acidosis! Another hormone works on here in the form of ADH! This works on V2 receptors which increase water channels aka aquaporin channels. Now to balance out the high water reabsorption, our thick ascending limb increases it's solute uptake and urea. That does it for normal anatomy. Now let's talk about some physiology, in particular TFP graphs! Now to preface it, we reabsorb things at different rates when compared to water. For example, we reabsorb electrolytes at the same rate as water. Meanwhile there are some things like glucose and amino acids faster than water. Conversely, we have things we dont want to reabsorb! We can tell the difference via the TFP graph. When TFP = 1, then we reabsorb things at the same rate as water. E.g. is electrolytes. When TFP is less than 1, then this is bicarb, glucose, amino acids. That's it! See you next time.
Просмотров: 3035 LY Med
Basic Renal Function: The Basics
 
06:02
This lesson answers the following: 1) What are the basic functions of the kidney? 2) What are filtration, reabsorption, and secretion? 3) Where do filtration, reabsorption, and secretion occur within the kidney?
Просмотров: 5948 Lance Miller, PhD
STOP-AF, RACE-2, and DOSE: Trials and fibrillation
 
00:33
Patients with drug-refractory paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) treated with a novel cryoablation technology were significantly more likely to be free of arrhythmia at one year compared with patients treated with antiarrhythmic drug therapy, according to the results of the STOP-AF trial. The RACE-2 trial demonstrated that whether or not rate control is strict in patients with permanent AF, little difference is noted in clinical outcomes. And the DOSE trial showed that, whether loop diuretics are given in a continuous infusion or intermittently or at conventional or high doses, it appears to make little difference in their effectiveness at relieving symptoms in patients hospitalized with acute heart failure. Taken together, these trials challenge received notions of what cardiologists assume to be appropriate care. Join Dr Melissa Walton-Shirley and her guests Drs Anne Curtis and Ileana Piña as they discuss these surprising results.
Просмотров: 269 theheartorg
Potassium Chloride Medication Information (dosing, side effects, patient counseling)
 
02:32
Your medication Potassium Chloride Potassium Chloride is also known as the brand names: K-Dur, Klor-Con, and Klor-Con M. Potassium Chloride comes in 8 and 10 mEq capsules. It is used to prevent or treat low potassium levels in the blood. It is usually taken by mouth with or without food. How often you take potassium chloride depends on the level of potassium in the blood. Some side effects of potassium chloride are skin rash, high levels of potassium in the blood, abdominal pain or distress, diarrhea, nausea and vomiting. Do not take potassium chloride if: • You have high levels of potassium in the blood • You have GI tract problems that would inhibit digestion of solid dosage forms While taking potassium chloride, it is important to remember to tell your doctor or pharmacist if you experience any of following: • Signs of an allergic reaction (rash, itching, swelling, or chest tightness) • Severe constipation, nausea, vomiting, or abdominal pain • Signs of high potassium (abnormal heartbeat, confusion, dizziness, passing out, weakness, etc.) • You start taking new medications, vitamins, or supplements • Your condition does not improve or you develop new or worsening symptoms
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Drug Interactions - Pharmacology
 
01:05:48
Drrug Interactions Affecting PharmacoKinetics & PharmacoDynamics of The Drug in The Body.
Просмотров: 614 Sajid Majeed